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Nautical Chart Of Western Europe, 1473

Nautical Chart Of Western Europe, 1473

Draughtsman: Benincasa, Grazioso

Medium: Ink and tempera on parchment

Date: 1473

Shelfmark: Egerton MS 2855

Item number: ff. 7v-8

Length: 33.7

Width: 42.4

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Map

Benincasa, one of the most active fifteenth century Italian chartmakers, reproduces the standard nautical chart image of the British Isles but with a knot, one of his hallmarks, tying Scotland to England. As befits a chart made for merchants and sailors, the coasts are emphasised and the interiors ignored. Red indicates important ports, almost all on the east and south coasts of England, the south coast of Wales and the east coast of Ireland, and crosses mark rocks and other navigational hazards. In Ireland attention is drawn to the fabled 'Purgatory of St Patrick': a lake with 367 islands.

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