Plan of Tutbury Castle, Staffordshire f. 174
Medium: Ink on paper
This is a plan of Tutbury Castle probably dating from 1584-85, the time of Mary Queen of Scots imprisonment at the castle. Tutbury was an ideal place to house the captive Queen as it was located at a distance from neighbouring Scotland and from London, Elizabeth I's centre of power. Mary was first imprisoned here in February 1569 but was then moved elsewhere in June of that year to foil suspected rescue attempts. Elizabeth's discovery of the Norfolk marriage plot in late 1569 resulted in Mary being re incarcerated at Tutbury in January 1570. The castle's state of disrepair led to damp conditions which impacted upon Mary's health, resulting in her movement between other houses. However, on January 14th 1585 she was returned to Tutbury for the final time where she was guarded by the most server of her several gaolers Sir Amyas Paulet. She was taken from Tutbury on Christmas Eve 1585 and moved to Chartley Castle, then on to Fotheringay where at ten o’clock in the morning of Wednesday, 8th February, the captive Queen was killed by two blows of the sword. This plan shows the impregnable curtain wall of the castle and the internal buildings which are named according to their function. Rooms used by Mary during her stay may be those marked 'Q bed chamber'.