Site of Gresham House and Gardens, London
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
This drawing shows the site of Gresham House and gardens. It is a copy of a section taken from the so-called Copperplate Map of 1555-8 which was copied by and tampered with by Vertue.
It shows the site of the old mansion of Sir Thomas Gresham, which he erected in the 16th century in Bishopsgate Street in the City of London. Gresham’s will dictated that the house be used as a college and it was used and known as Gresham College from the year of Gresham’s death in 1579 until 1768. Notes in the margins state that the drawing dates from the time that the house was a college. The plan also shows a section of crenellated London Wall which was built to surround Londinium in the late 2nd century and enclosed 330 acres was 6-9ft wide and 18ft high. Bishops gate is shown here, it takes its name from Eorconweald, Bishop of London, who rebuilt the Roman original in the 7th century. It was demolished in 1760, along with other city gates. Sir Thomas Gresham, a successful merchant, appointed to the King, was instrumental in the creation of the old Royal Exchange.