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Typus Angliae

Typus Angliae

Cartographer: Hondius, Jodocus

Medium: Engraving

Date: 1590

Shelfmark: Maps.1175.(21)

Item number: 21

Length: 152

Width: 214

Scale: Millimetres

Genre: Map

This is a map of the British Isles by Jodocus Hondius, it dates from 1590 and was probably published in London where Hondius was resident for about 10 years from 1583. The map is dedicated to Robert, Earl of Essex in a small panel below Ireland. The outline of the England and Wales follows that of Saxton, with Ireland being a crude version of Ortelius's outline. Only a small section of Scotland is shown.
Emphasis is placed on the decorative elements of the map. Surmounting the oval shaped map is a portrait of Queen Elizabeth I. She is flanked by text plaques on each side which contain biblical text praising the Queen and text hailing the prosperity of the realm. Contemporary costumed figures of an English nobleman and a citizen of London and their respective wives are displayed in opposite corners. Also included in the decorative scheme are symbolic compositions representing War (swords, spear, arrows) Art (musical instruments including a lute, viola, bagpipes) Industry (a chest and a sack of coins) and Husbandry (two sheep, a grain field and a bale of cloth)
The map can be seen as a fore-runner of Hondius' large scale map of 1592 which shows an improved knowledge of the outline and interior of Ireland.

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