Golden Haggadah - The Plagues of Egypt, folios 12v -13.
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The ongoing conflict between Pharaoh and Moses culminates in a
series of devastating plagues. Blighted by disasters, humans, animals,
and nature are rendered by the second artist in the naturalistic
manner specific to the northern French Gothic style.
These miniatures display other distinctive marks of the artist's
skill and style, such as the flowing drapery, and the well-proportioned
figures with thick, wavy hair and expressive faces and gestures.
Here the plague of frogs is initiated by Moses, not Aaron as indicated
in the Bible. Green frogs leap everywhere and nobody is spared,
not even Pharaoh.
The plague of lice attacks both humans and animals, and Pharaoh
and his magicians seem helpless.
According to Jewish tradition, the plague of arov denotes
wild beasts. Moses looks on as Pharaoh and his attendant are attacked
by wild animals. In Latin manuscripts, this plague is usually the
plague of flies.
This panel shows the plague on livestock. The man wiping away
tears, the man tearing his shirt, and the lifeless animals on the
ground are realistically executed.
Moses throws ashes out of a bowl, initiating the plague of boils.
On the left, a barefoot Pharaoh covered with spots consults a physician.
Two episodes are featured here: on the left a powerless Pharaoh
watching the onset of the plague of hail and flaming fire; on the
right, Moses, lifting his hands in prayer, asks God to stop the
plague. Aaron looks on as Moses touches the ground with his staff
and triggers the plague of locusts.
There are two scenes based on midrashic legends: above, Pharaoh
and his courtiers are immobilised by the plague of darkness, while,
below, the Israelites carry away the Egyptians possessions.