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Rulers in Afghanistan, 1747-1973

Saddozai dynasty (ruling all Afghanistan) 1747-1817

Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah Durrani, First Ruler of the Saddozai dynasty, 1747-73. ©The British Library Board [Add Or 2685]

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  • Ahmad Shah 1747-73 (dies).
  • Timur Shah, son of Ahmad Shah 1773-93 (dies).
  • Zeman Shah, son of Timur Shah 1793-1800 (deposed).
  • Mahmud Shah, brother of Zeman Shah 1800-03 (deposed).
  • Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk, brother of Mahmud Shah 1803-09 (deposed).
  • Mahmud Shah 1809-17 (loses Kabul and Kandahar).

Ruling in Herat 1817-1863

  • Mahmud Shah, Saddozai 1817-29, (?assassinated).
  • Kamran, son of Mahmud Shah 1829-41 (?assassinated).
  • Yar Muhammad, Alikozai (former Vizier) 1841-51 (dies).
  • Saiyid Muhammad Khan, son of Yar Muhammad 1851-55 (deposed).
  • Muhammad Yusuf Khan, Saddozai, 1855 (deposed).
  • Sirtalp Isa Khan, Herati, 1855.
  • Herat conquered by Persians, 1856.
  • Sultan Ahmad Khan, Sultan Jan. Nephew of Dost Muhammad Khan of Kabul 1857-63 (overthrown).
  • Dost Muhammad Khan 1863 (dies).

Ruling in Kabul 1817-1863

  • Muhammad Azim Khan, Payendah Khel Muhammadzai 1817-22 (dies).
  • Habibullah Khan, son of Muhammad Azim Khan 1822-26 (deposed).
  • Dost Muhammad Khan, uncle of Habibullah Khan 1826-39 (deposed).
  • Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk, Saddozai 1839-41 (deposed).
  • Zeman Khan, <em>Barakzai</em> 1841-42 (?).
  • Fath Jang, Saddozai (contender) 1842 (?).
  • Dost Muhammad Khan 1842-63 (dies).
Portrait heads of Dost Muhammad

Portrait heads of Dost Muhammad, and three members of his family, E.Eden, June 1841. ©The British Library Board [WD 1291]

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Ruling in Kandahar 1817-1863

  • Pur Dil Khan with his brothers Kohan Dil Khan, Rahim Dil Khan, Payendah Khel Muhammadzai 1817-39 (deposed).
  • Shah Shuja-ul Mulk 1839-41 (deposed).
  • Kohan Dil Khan, brother of Pur Dil Khan 1842-55 (dies).
  • Dost Muhammad Khan 1855-63 (dies).

Ruling Afghanistan 1863-1973

Amir Sher Ali Khan

Amir Sher Ali Khan. By Bourne and Shepherd, 1870. ©The British Library Board, Photo 127 (44)

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1863-68 Civil war and anarchy

  • Sher Ali Khan, son of Dost Muhammad Khan 1863-66 (deposed).
  • Muhammad Afzal Khan, brother of Sher Ali Khan 1866-67 (dies).
  • Muhammad Azim Khan, brother of Muhammad Afzal Khan 1867-68 (deposed).
  • Sher Ali Khan 1868-79 (dies).
  • Yakub Khan, son of Sher Ali Khan 1879 (abdicates).
Abdur Rahman Khan

Abdur Rahman Khan, Amir of Afghanistan. 1897. ©The British Library Board, Photo 298 (77)

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Second Anglo-Afghan War

  • Abdur Rahman Khan, son of Muhammad Afzal Khan 1880-1901 (dies).
  • Habibullah Khan, son of Abdur Rahman Khan 1901-19 (assassinated).
  • Amanullan Khan, son of Habibullah Khan 1919-29 (abdicates).
  • Inayatullah Khan, brother of Amanullah Khan 1929. Three days only (abdicates).
  • Habibullah Ghazi, Bacha-i-Saqqao, a Tajik bandit 1929 Jan-Oct (deposed and executed).
  • Nadir Shah, of the Musahiban family 1929-33 (assassinated).
  • Zahir Shah 1933-73 (deposed).
    During his minority effective power was held by the successive Prime Ministers, his uncles Hashim Khan 1933-46, Shah Mahmud 1946-53.

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