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Chronology - Educational Sources - Indian Independence 1947


1885The first meeting of the Indian National Congress, Bombay
1905The first partition of Bengal
1906Formation of the Muslim League
1920Mahatma Gandhi leads the Congress; Non-cooperation Movement
1922Civil Disobedience Movement
1925Reforms Enquiry Committee Report
1928Simon Commission comes to India: Boycott by all parties
1929Lord Irwin promises Dominion Status for India
1930Civil Disobedience Movement continues; Salt Satyagraha: Gandhi's Dandi March; First Round Table Conference
1931Second Round Table Conference; Irwin-Gandhi Pact; Census of India
1932Suppression of the Congress movement; Third Round Table Conference
1934Civil Disobedience Movement called off
1935The Government of India Act receives Royal Assent
1937Elections held for provincial assemblies


Gandhi-Jinnah negotiations for the settlement of the communal problem, which began in February, fail
DecThe Muslim League forms a committee of enquiry into alleged Congress persecution of Muslims
3 SepViceroy Linlithgow announces that India is at war with Germany
18 OctViceroy's Statement on War Aims and the War Effort: reiterates that goal of British policy is Dominion status for India, but that the 1935 Act is open to modification at the end of the war, in the light of Indian opinion. Offers association of Indian opinion in war effort through consultative group representing the major political parties in British India and the princes.
OctResignation of Congress Ministries
22 DecObserved as 'Deliverance Day' from Congress rule by the Muslim League.
23 MarLahore Resolution of the Muslim League demands for a separate state for the Muslims of India
MayChurchill becomes Prime Minister in Britain
7 AugViceroy makes a statement on India's constitutional development - the August Offer - and announces that more places would be open to representative Indians in an expanded Executive Council and on a new War Advisory Council
SepCongress and League reject the August Offer
17 OctCongress launches civil disobedience
DecCongress civil disobedience prisoners set free
1942Subhas Chandra Bose forms the Indian National Army
11 MarBritish Government announces its decision to send Sir Stafford Cripps to India
30 MarCripps proposals published
2 AprCongress and League reject the Cripps proposals
8-9 AugCongress launches 'Quit India movement' and is declared an unlawful organisation; Gandhi and all members of the Congress Working Committee are arrested
OctWavell succeeds Linlithgow as Viceroy
9-27 SepGandhi-Jinnah talks end in failure
1945First trial of the Indian National Army men opened
7 MayGermany surrenders
15 JunImprisoned Congress leaders released
26 JulLabour Government comes into power in Britain
14 AugJapan surrenders
Dec-JanGeneral Elections in India
23 Mar-29 JunCabinet Mission visits India
16 MayCabinet Mission announces its constitutional scheme
6 JunMuslim League accepts Cabinet Mission's constitutional scheme
16 JunCabinet Mission presents scheme for the formation of an interim government at the centre
25 JunCongress rejects 16 June proposals for an interim government but accepts 16 May scheme, agreeing thereby to join the proposed Constituent Assembly. Muslim League accepts the 16 June scheme and agrees to join the interim government
29 JulMuslim League passes resolutions retracting its acceptance of the Cabinet Mission plan and calling upon Muslims to observe 16 August as 'Direct Action Day'
16 Aug'Direct Action Day'
16-18 AugThe 'Great Calcutta Killing'
2 SeptCongress forms the interim government with Nehru as the Vice-President
13 OctMuslim League decides to join the interim government
25 OctInterim Government reconstituted
3-6 DecAborted London conference of major Indian leaders
9 DecConstituent Assembly meets without Muslim League members
29 JanMuslim League demands dissolution of Constituent Assembly.
FebruaryCommunal rioting in Punjab
20 FebruaryPrime Minister Attlee announces the British intention of leaving India by June 1948, and Mountbatten to succeed as Viceroy.
23 FebruaryJinnah declares that the Muslim League will not yield an inch in their demand for Pakistan
4-5 MarchOutbreak of communal disturbances in Lahore, Multan and other Pujabi towns.
12 MarchGandhi begins a tour of the riot-affected areas of Bihar
18 MarchPrime Minister's letter sent to Viceroy-designate on the policy and principles in accordance with which power should be transferred
24 MarchMountbatten sworn in as Viceroy and governor-General
31 MarchViceroy holds the first of five interviews with Gandhi
5 AprilViceroy holds the first of six interviews with Jinnah
15-16 AprilConference of Governors; approval for draft proposals for the transfer of power
15 AprilIssue of joint Gandhi-Jinna appeal for abstention from acts of violence and disorder
1 MayNehru acquaints Mountbatten with Congress Working Committee's reactions to recent developments
18 MayMountbatten leaves for London for talks with Cabinet
28 MayCabinet India and Burma Committee: concluding meeting with Mountbatten
30 MayMountbatten arrives back in Delhi
2 JuneMountbatten meets Indian leaders and gives them Partition Plan
3 JuneMountbatten, Nehru, Jinnah and Baldev Singh give a broadcast on the Plan over All India Radio
4 JuneMountbatten gives a Press Conference on the Plan
5-7 JuneMountbatten discusses partition machinery with Indian leaders and Indian Cabinet
12 JuneFirst meeting of Partition Committee
20 JuneVotes in Bengal Legislative Assembly result in decision that Province should be partitioned
25 JuneIndian Cabinet agrees to establish States Department
4 JulyIndian Independence Bill is published
9 JulyMountbatten advises Attlee of his decision to accept the Governor-Generalship of India
16 JulyLast meeting of the Interim Government
18 JulyIndian Independence Bill receives Royal Assent
19 JulyThe Executive Council (Transitional Provisions) Order, reconstituting the Interim Government into two separate groups representing the two successor governments of India and Pakistan, published
11 AugustJinnah elected President of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan
14 AugustPakistan Independence Celebrations in Karachi; Viceroy addresses Pakistan Consituent Assembly
14 - 15 August midnightPower transferred
15 AugustJinnah sworn in as Governor-General of Pakistan; Mountbatten sworn in as Governor-General of India; Independence Day Celebrations in Delhi