'Amrita Bazar Patrika'
the journal of the Indian League, founded in 1875 by Sisir Kumar Ghose in Calcutta as a radical alternative to the British Indian Association.
literally 'Hail to thee, Mother', this is a song composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterji after the Indian Mutiny 1857. It is a traditional Hindu song which gained acceptance as the national anthem in the twentieth century, although not initially by the Muslims.
of or pertaining to a particular ethnic community
Communist Party of India.
afresh; over again from the beginning.
a self-governing country, but linked to Britain because it recognises the British monarch as its head of state.
the division of Indian government in the provinces into reserved and transferred subjects. Reserved subjects covered the key areas of government including finance, taxation and law and order, and were left under the control of the British Governors. Transferred subjects covered areas like agriculture, education, public health, transport and local government which became the responsibility of elected Indian ministers.
Long live England.
stoppage of work as sign of mourning or protest.
a Muslim religious festival or holy observance.
Indian National Army.
the replacement of Europeans or other foreigners by Indians in positions of authority.
grant of right to receive land revenue from a village or villages, sometimes conditional on the maintenance of troops or other services.
holder of a jagir.
Victory to England.
Victory to India.
band or group.
Victory of …
one who is indifferent to religion.
a heavy stick.
an open space in or near a town.
an historic Sikh temple, the birth-place of Guru Nanak, founder of the Sikh faith. It is situated 64 km from Lahore in Pakistan.
Negotiable Instruments Act
This Act was passed in 1881 and consisted or rules for the facility and regulation of trade and commerce. It tried to reconcile and assimilate Indian and European laws on each subject.
what a Paramount power exercises over countries or states within its control, i.e. the power to interfere in the internal government of a country or state, as well as in its foreign relations and external and internal security.
gangs of mounted plunderers who terrorised central India after the disintegration of the Moghul Empire and were only finally broken up by the large-scale military operations undertaken by Lord Hastings in 1817-19.
the lowest number of members of a committee or board etc needed to be present before business can be transacted.
Royal Indian Air Force.
Royal Indian Army Service Corps.
Royal Indian Navy.
a tenant of the soil; farmer or cultivator.
at the lower end of the Hindu caste scale, also called the Depressed Classes, or Untouchables.
to detach a piece of land from a federal union.
absolute and independent authority.
in excess of the power possessed; transcending authority.
United Provinces, an area in the northern part of India. (See document 1)
farmer of revenue; landed proprietor, landlord.