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Indian Independence

This is a portal to educational sources available in the India Office Records on the historical event of Indian Independence, 1947.

Nehru and jinnah 1947

Nehru and jinnah 1947

British colonisation of India began in the second half of the 18th century when the English East India Company took control of Bengal and gradually expanded its territory to other parts of India. In 1858 the British Government replaced the role of the East India Company and became the 'Paramount' ruler of India. It was not until 1947 that India regained its independence - ending nearly 200 years of British rule.  The following pages provide a series of documents produced mainly during the last 50 years of British rule and are divided into four themes:

Indian Nationalism

World War II and the end of colonialism

Transfer of Power

Partition of India and Pakistan

Reference Material


Biographical Notes

Glossary of Anglo-Indian terms