In 1885 a group of educated Indians organized the first Indian National Congress at Bombay. In 1920 Mahatma Gandhi, as a leading member of the Congress, began his strategy of nonviolent non-cooperation with India's British rulers.
Group photograph of the delegates of the 1885 First Indian National Congress, reproduced in: H.P.Mody, Sir Pherozeshah Mehta (Bombay, 1921). [shelfmark: IOL. T 10951]
- In 1885, a group of educated Indians with the support of a retired British Civil Servant in India formed an all-India organization, the Indian National Congress. The opening meeting on 28-31 December at Bombay, was attended by seventy-two representatives from various provinces of India. More ... (BL 1985 Exhibition note)
1st Marquis of Dufferin and Ava(1826-1902)- Lord Dufferin arrived in India in 1884 as Viceroy. Facing discontent from the Indian middle class aginst the discriminatory policy of the British Government, Lord Dufferin was willing to make moderate concessions to demands for political progress. At first he viewed sympathetically the foundation of the Indian National Congress, but later became more hostile to it. More ...(L/PJ/3/86)
- Mahatma Gandhi was a Hindu philosophical reformer who believed that no lasting reform was possible while an alien government ruled India. More ...(MSS EUR C152/24)