Click here to skip to content

Glossary: E

A glossary of special terminology used in India during the British Administration.

East India College / Haileybury
Established first in 1806 at Hertford Castle transferred to Haileybury in 1809 to provide a general and vocational education for youths of sixteen to eighteen nominated by EIC Directors to writerships in the EIC overseas civil service. Attendance was generally for four terms, i.e. two years. In 1856 the system of appointment by patronage was replaced by an open competitive examination and in January 1858 the college was closed down.

Echelon
An administrative division, especially one (e.g. the Indian Imperial Police) which recruited mainly by direct appointment rather than by promotion from an inferior division.

Effective Supernumeraries
The term used in the EIC Madras Army for what in the EIC Bengal and Bombay Armies was called the Town Major's List .

Elders
The name given to foremen of warehouses in the EIC Home Civil Service in London.

Embarkation Lists
Registers of EIC Army recruits embarked for India, compiled at the port of embarkation. Before the commencement of the Recruitment Registers proper in 1801 they are the main source of information on recruits but the extent of information varies from register to register some giving full personal details others only the name and the date of joining ship. An alternative source of information on pre-1801 EIC Army recruits are the Registers of Lord Clive Fund Applications 1772-1798 [L/AG/23/2/20-22].

Emergency Commissions
Commissions in the Indian Army granted to European soldiers specifically for the duration of World War II - the IOR holds service files for about 80% of these officers. Those Emergency Commissioned (EC) officers who had been in civilian life prior to the outbreak of war (the great majority) were not entitled to a pension but received a gratuity upon final discharge (see the series L/AG/20/29 and L/AG/20/31). A few EC officers who had seen rank service in the British Army before 1939 were entitled to a pension in respect of their combined British and Indian service. Payments of these pensions are recorded in the series L/MIL/21/14 (1950-56) and in the series L/MIL/21/11 (1956-67).

Extra Assistant Commissioner
In the Non-Regulation Provinces a member of the Uncovenanted Civil Service in charge of a subdivision of a district; the equivalent of a Deputy Collector in a Regulation Province .