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Glossary: H

A glossary of special terminology used in India during the British Administration.

Haileybury
See East India College.

Havildar
In the Indian Army an Indian non-commissioned officer equivalent to a Sergeant in the British Army.

Havildar-Major
The most senior NCO rank in the Indian Infantry equivalent to a Sergeant-Major in the British Infantry and to a Kot Dafadar in the Indian Cavalry.

High Commissioner for India
See India High Commission

High Courts
Established by Act of Parliament in 1862 at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay - they amalgamated the functions of the Supreme Courts and the Sadr Courts. An additional High Court was established by Act of Parliament at Allahabad in 1866 and Chief Courts were established, by Act of the Indian Legislature, at Lahore in 1866 and at Rangoon in 1900.

Honorary Commissioned Officers
From 1867 Departmental Officers were given honorary officer ranks ranging from Honorary Ensign to Honorary Captain - these ranks were additional to their existing commissary grades. From 1904 following the regrading of their commissary ranks the complementary honorary officer ranks now ranged from Honorary Lieutenant to Honorary Major. In 1921 the prefix 'Honorary' was discarded and the complementary ranks assimilated to those of regular officers.

Honourable East India Company's Civil Service (HEICCS)
Before 1858 the name given to the top general administrative cadre of civil servants in India - in 1858 it became The Indian Civil Service.