A glossary of special terminology used in India during the British Administration.
Imperial Service Troops
Regiments raised by the Rulers of certain Princely States (1888-) and made available to the British Crown for service overseas - officers of the Indian Army were attached to them as advisers. From 1922 known as Indian States Forces (see below).
India High Commission
Established in London in 1920 (not to be confused with the post-Independence India High Commission which inherited its records). Took over certain responsibilities hitherto exercised by the India Office e.g. the Stores Department, the Indian students' advisory service, the issue of civil leave pay and pensions etc. In Feb 1922 it acquired additional responsibilities including civilian steamship passages, exhibitions and the care of destitute lascars, and from Feb 1924 it was responsible for recruitment to certain official posts in India.
Indian Civil Service (ICS)
The name given after 1858 to the top general administrative cadre of civil servants in India - superseded the Honourable East India Company's Civil Service. The last UK appointments to the ICS were made in 1942. See also Covenanted Civil Service.
Indian Civil Service Family Pension Fund (ICSFPF)
Established 1881. Provided benefits for the widows and children of members of the ICS. Last subscriber joined 1942.
Fund registers, L/AG/23/13 Payment books, L/AG/21/33.
Indian Commissioned Officers
Native officers of the EIC/Indian Army (also known after 1858 as Viceroy's Commissioned Officers. In the Infantry they held the ranks of Jemadar, Subadar and Subadar-Major, in the Cavalry the ranks of Jemadar, Ressaidar, Risaldar and Risaldar-Major.
Indian Defence Force
Name given between 1917-1920 to what had formerly been known as the Indian Volunteer Force (see below). In 1920 became the Auxiliary Force, India.
Indian Distinguished Service Medal
Instituted in 1907 as an award to recognise distinguished services of Indian Commissioned and Non-Commissioned Officers, extended in 1929 to the Royal Indian Marine and in 1940 to the Indian Air Force. Recipients of the IDSM are recorded in Indian Army List Supplements up to and including January 1931.
Indian Medical Service
Collective name for the top echelon of the EIC/Indian Army's medical service, until 1896 divided into three administrative divisions, viz.: Bengal Medical Service, Madras Medical Service, Bombay Medical Service. In Jan 1897 these three services were combined into one general service under the direct administrative control of the Government of India.
Up to 1891 IMS officers had medical ranks e.g. Surgeon, Surgeon Major etc. In Jan 1892 these were replaced with compound ranks i.e. medical rank plus combatant rank e.g. Surgeon Lieutenant. From Sep 1898 the medical titles were discarded and IMS officers had the same ranks as regular officers.
Indian Military Service Family Pension Fund (IMSFPF)
Established 1873. Provided benefits for the widows and children of regular officers, surgeons and chaplains of the Indian Army. Officers of the Royal Indian Marine and continuous service officers of the Royal Artillery and Engineers were allowed to subscribe from 1893. Closed to new subscribers 1914.
Fund registers, L/AG/23/16. Payment books, L/AG/21/35.
Indian Military Widows' and Orphans' Fund (IMWOF)
Established 1915. Provided benefits for the widows and children of the following categories of officers: regular officers, surgeons and chaplains of the Indian Army, officers of the Royal Indian Marine/Navy, continuous service officers of the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, and Royal Army Veterinary Corps, officers of the Royal Corps of Signals, and officers transferred from the British Service to the Indian Army Ordnance Corps. Last subscriber joined 1943.
Fund registers, L/AG/23/17. Payment books, L/AG/21/36.
Indian Non-Commissioned Officers (Indian NCOs)
In the EIC/Indian Army the majority of Indian NCOs held the ranks of Lance-Naik, Naik, Havildar and Havildar-Major corresponding to the British ranks of Lance-Corporal, Corporal, Sergeant and Sergeant-Major. In the Indian Cavalry post-1858 the ranks were Lance-Dafadar, Dafadar and Kot Dafadar.
Indian Order of Merit
Oldest gallantry award in the British Empire, introduced by the East India Company for its native troops in 1837. Originally in three classes. Was at first called the Order of Merit but the name was changed to Indian Order of Merit in 1902 to distinguish it from the newly instituted (Imperial) Order of Merit.
Indian Police (also known as Indian Imperial Police)
Name given from the 1890s to the upper echelon of the Indian Police Services. Recruited (from 1893) largely by examination in the UK. From 1921 direct appointments to the Indian Imperial Police were also made by an annual examination in India open to all races and over the next 26 years the service was progressively Indianized.
Indian States Forces (ISF)
Title given (1922-1947) to what were previously termed Imperial Service Troops (see above).
Indian Volunteer Force
Name given from 1857 to 1917 to what was later called the Indian Defence Force (1917-1920) (see above) and the Auxiliary Force, India (1920-1947).