Click here to skip to content

Glossary: O

A glossary of special terminology used in India during the British Administration.

Order of British India
Introduced by the East India Company in 1837 to reward its Indian commissioned officers for outstanding long and meritorious service. It consisted of two classes, recipients of the 1st Class receiving the title of Sardar Bahadur, recipients of the 2nd Class the title of Bahadur - appointments to the 1st Class were made only from members of the 2nd Class. The Order ceased to be conferred in 1947.

Order of the Indian Empire, The Most Eminent
Founded in Dec 1877 as a junior order to that of the Star of India (see below). Originally had only one class, that of Companion (CIE) but from 1887 consisted of three classes: Companion (CIE), Knight Commander (KCIE) and Knight Grand Commander (GCIE). For correspondence regarding the award and statements of service of recipients see the series L/P&S/15.

Order of Merit
Original name for the Indian Order of Merit.

Order of the Star of India, The Most Exalted
Founded in 1861 as a reward for distinguished service in India. Consisted of three classes, namely Companion (CSI), Knight Commander (KCSI), and Knight Grand Commander (GCSI). For correspondence regarding the award and statements of service of recipients see the series L/P&S/15.

Ordnance Department
Name given to the department(s) of the EIC/Indian Army responsible for supplying ordnance (arms and ammunition). Became the Indian Army Ordnance Department, 1884, and the Indian Army Ordnance Corps, 1922.