A glossary of special terminology used in India during the British Administration.
In the Indian Army an officer holding the King's or Queen's commission. Until c1918 the regular officer corps of the Indian Army was almost entirely European but from 1918 onwards a small number of King's commissions were granted annually to Sandhurst trained Asian cadets and during World War II the number of Asians receiving such commissions greatly increased.
Regular Widows' and Elders' Widows' Funds
Established 1816. Provided benefits for the widows and children of staff of the East India Company's Home Civil Service in London. Closed to new subscribers 1862. Established clerks contributed to the Regular Widows' Fund - the Elders' Widows' (or Extra) Fund was compulsory for established Elders, doorkeepers, porters and warehousemen, and optional for non-established staff (including writers and extra clerks).
Fund registers, L/AG/23/3A. Payment books, L/AG/21/23.
An Indian province governed according to the existing regulations, as opposed to a Non-Regulation Province. The Regulation Provinces were the older provinces which had enjoyed a long period of settled administration e.g. Madras, Bombay. In the Regulation Provinces (Madras and Bombay excepted), for most of the period after 1858, the ICS executive grades (in ascending order) were Assistant Magistrate and Collector, Joint Magistrate and Deputy Collector, Magistrate and Collector, Commissioner, Lieutenant Governor or Governor.
A rank of Indian cavalry officer intermediate between Jemadar and Risaldar (see below). In April 1921 the rank of Ressaidar was abolished, all existing Ressaidars being regraded as Risaldars.
A rank of Indian cavalry officer equivalent to a Subadar in the Indian Infantry. Until April 1921 it was intermediate between Ressaidar (see above) and Risaldar-Major (see below), after that date between Jemadar and Risaldar-Major.
The most senior rank of Indian cavalry officer, equivalent to a Subadar-Major in the Indian Infantry.
Royal Warrant Pensions
Non-contributory pensions awarded to widows and orphans of regular officers, warrant officers and chaplains of the Indian Army - eligibility limited to the families of those who entered Indian military service after 1881. Award of a pension was dependent on a means test. The pensions were first awarded from Indian revenues in Apr 1886 and appear to have superseded pensions from the Lord Clive Fund to which no new admissions were made after 1886. Records of the payments of Royal Warrant pensions are usually to be found in the books of the Indian Military Service Family Pension Fund [L/AG/21/35] unless the payee was in receipt of a second pension from another fund, eg the Indian Military Widows' and Orphans' Fund [L/AG/21/36] or the Madras Military Fund [L/AG/21/30] in which case the payment was recorded on the books of that fund.