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Concise History of the British Newspaper in the Eighteenth Century

A Concise History of the British Newspaper, century by century, complied by our experts.

Farley's Bath Journal

Farley's Bath Journal 18 October 1756. British Library Newspaper Library. Copyright © The British Library Board

The British Newspaper, 1701-1750

 

The Edinburgh Courant

The Edinburgh Courant 17-19 December 1705. British Library Newspaper Librar. Copyright © The British Library Board

  • 1701 - Sept 6 : Estimated first issue of the Norwich Post: probably the first provincial newspaper.
  • 1702 - March 11 : Daily Courant founded, first daily paper. Ceased publication in 1735.
  • 1704 : Weekly Review founded by Daniel Defoe.
  • 1704 - Aug 12 : Earliest surviving copy of a provincial newspaper: William Bonny's Bristol Post-Boy (No. 91).
  • 1705 : Edinburgh Courant founded.
  • 1706 : Evening Post, first evening newspaper, founded.
  • 1709 : First Copyright Act.
  • 1709 : Tatler founded by Steele and Addison.
  • 1709 : Worcester Post-Man founded. Became Berrow's Worcester Journal in 1753. Britain's oldest surviving non-official newspaper.
  • 1710 : Examiner founded, with Swift briefly as editor.
  • 1711 : Spectator founded by Steele and Addison.
  • 1712 - Aug : Stamp duty imposed on newspapers and advertisements.
  • 1713 : Stamford Mercury founded, second oldest surviving provincial newspaper.
  • 1719 : Daily Post founded, with Defoe as contributor.
  • 1727 : London Evening Post founded. Ceased publication in 1797.
  • 1730 - Feb 3 : Daily Advertiser founded. Ceased publication in 1798.
  • 1731 : Gentleman's Magazine founded by Edward Cave. Ceased publication in 1914.
  • 1734 : Lloyd's List founded.
  • 1737 : Belfast Newsletter, the world's oldest surviving general daily newspaper, founded.
  • 1738 : All parliamentary reporting suppressed.
  • 1747 - Dec 29 : Aberdeen Journal founded, later Press and Journal, the oldest surviving Scottish newspaper.

 

Stamford Mercury

Stamford Mercury 6 September 1722. British Library Newspaper Librar. Copyright © The British Library Board

The British Newspaper, 1751-1800

The Leedes Intelligencer

The Leedes Intelligencer 19 May 1761. British Library Newspaper Library. Copyright © The British Library Board

  • 1754 : Leedes Intelligencer founded, later the Yorkshire Post.
  • 1755 - Oct 18 : Bath Advertiser, Bath's second newspaper, founded to include 'Lists of the Nobility and Gentry resorting to the BATH; with an Account of Plays perform'd at both the Theatres'.
  • 1760 - Jan 12 : Public Ledger founded: oldest British periodical with continuous daily publication.
  • 1763 : First open reporting of Parliament since June 1738, in the North Briton under John Wilkes, who was prosecuted for seditious libel.
  • 1770 : Morning Chronicle founded. Ceased publication in 1862.
  • 1771 : Press wins the right to report Parliamentary proceedings.
  • 1772 : Morning Post founded by John Bell. Merged with Daily Telegraph in 1937.
  • 1779 : First London Sunday newspaper: (Mrs) E. Johnson's British Gazette and Sunday Monitor. Ceased publication in 1829.
  • 1780 - Nov 1 : Morning Herald founded. Ceased publication in 1869.
  • 1785 - Jan 1 : Daily Universal Register founded by John Walter I. Became the Times on 1 January 1788. Britain's oldest surviving newspaper with continuous daily publication.
  • 1788 - May 3 : Star and Evening Advertiser launched: the first daily evening newspaper.
  • 1790 - June 20 : Sunday Chronicle announces 4 a.m. Sunday morning publication, instead of Saturday night. All Sunday papers adopt the practice about this time.
  • 1791 - Dec 1 : Observer founded: oldest surviving Sunday newspaper.
  • 1794 - Feb 8 : Morning Advertiser founded by the Licensed Victuallers Association. In 1815 it became the first daily published in Fleet Street.
  • 1796 - May 1 : Bell's Weekly Messenger founded. Ceased publication in 1896.
The Bath Advertiser

The Bath Advertiser 15 November 1755. British Library Newspaper Library. Copyright © The British Library Board

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