The following are links to a selection of freely available Internet sites which are known to contain digitised facsimiles of early printed materials. Another page provides access to Electronic Text Sites.
Collections of digital facsimiles
American Memory Historical Collections
Over seven million items, including many facsimiles, relating to the history and culture of the United States, from the National Digital Library Program of the Library of Congress.
Archivalia: Deutsche Drucke des 16. Jahrhunderts im WWW
Links to selected digital facsimiles of German books printed in the 16th century. Independently compiled by Klaus Graf.
Biblioteca Valenciana Digital (BIVALDI)
Manuscripts and early printed books from the Biblioteca Valenciana, Valencia, Spain. The material relates to the history and culture of the Valencian region.
Biblioteca Digital Dioscórides
Manuscripts and printed books from the Biblioteca Histórica Marqués de Valdecilla at the Universidad Complutense, Madrid. The project has already digitised over 1,500 early books.
Bizkaia Provincial Library
Over 2,000 digitized books from the reserve collection of the Biblioteca Foral de Vizcaya in Bilbao, Spain. Material dates from the 15th to 18th centuries.
Bodleian Library Broadside Ballads
Access to the Bodleian's Allegro Catalogue of over 30,000 ballads dating from the 16th to 20th centuries. Entries contain links to images.
British Printed Images to 1700
Digital library of prints and book illustrations from early modern Britain based on the collections of the Department of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum, together with items from other collections, notably the Victoria and Albert Museum. Ongoing project: 10,000 images to be made available.
Union catalogue of digital facsimiles of books in Spanish libraries.
Digitalisierte Drucke, Universität Bielefeld
Old and rare imprints dating from the 15th to early 20th centuries, held by the University Library at Bielefeld in Germany. Most of the volumes are of German origin.
E-resources, Royal Library, Copenhagen
Includes facsimiles of rare books from the Royal Library's own collections.
Early American Fiction Collection
A publicly-available collection of over 175 works, selected for the Electronic Text Center of the University of Virginia from the library of digitised American fiction published by Chadwyck-Healey Ltd.
English Emblem Book Project
English emblem books digitised by Penn State University in the United States. The volumes digitised range from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
Gallica : la Bibliothèque Numérique
Digital facsimiles of printed books, manuscript books and selected images from the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. The items digitised are predominantly French. Some 70,000 texts will have been digitised when the project is complete.
Internet Library of Early Journals
A trial site, comprising 20-year runs of British journals from the 18th and 19th centuries. The titles are Annual register (1758-1778), Blackwood's Edinburgh magazine (1843-1863), Gentleman's magazine (1731-1750), Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society (1757-1777) and The Builder (1843-1852). The project is part of the eLib Programme from the universities of Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester and Oxford.
Making of America
Digital library of over 8,000 books and 2,500 journal issues relating to American 19th-century social history. A collaborative venture between the University of Michigan and Cornell University.
Mannheimer Texte Online
A large collection of digitised books and some manuscripts dating from the 16th to 18th centuries, created by the University of Mannheim, Germany. The works are grouped by themes such as Latin-language poetry by German authors (CAMENA Project), or rare books held by libraries in Mannheim (MARABU Project).
Medic@ collection de rééditions de textes anciens de la Bibliothèque interuniversitaire de Médecine (BIUM)
Selections from printed books and manuscripts relating to the history of medicine, with an emphasis on dentistry. The originals are held in the Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de Médecine in Paris.
Posner Family Collection in Electronic Format
Over 600 facsimiles of printed books, mostly rare or fine press items. Collected by Henry and Ida Posner, and now at the Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburg, in the United States.
Rare Book Room
Some 400 digitised books and manuscripts including Shakespeare's First Folio and Quartos, the Magna Carta and Bill of Rights and works by Galileo, Newton and Darwin.
Salem Witch Trials Documentary Archive and Transcription Project
Resources relevant to the study of the Salem witch trials of 1692 in Massachusetts, United States. The site contains digital facsimiles of several early English books on witchcraft. A project by the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia.
Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image
Facsimiles of books, manuscripts, photographs and other ephemera from the library of the University of Pennsylvania in the United States. Strengths include books relating to Shakespeare and the English Renaissance, and to the history of early modern science.
Seville University Library
Over fifty digitized books from the 'fondo antiguo' at the Biblioteca de la Universidad de Sevilla, Spain. Material dates from the 15th to 18th centuries.
Smithsonian Institution Digital Facsimiles
Digitised books and journals from Smithsonian Institution libraries in Washington. The volumes digitized range from the 16th to 20th centuries and relate to anthropology, ethnology, and the history of science.
French books and engravings digitised by the Association Textes Rares in Paris. The material is arranged by subject, with themes such as the history of the book, cookery, women, and popular literature.
Project aiming to digitize around 500 Dutch publications from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Hosted by Leiden University.
Virtual Library of Bibliographical Heritage
Printed books and manuscripts from Spanish libraries, including Soria Public State Library, Tarragona Public State Library and Palma de Mallorca Public State Library.
Canterbury Tales, by Geoffrey Chaucer (Westminster, 1476; Westminster, 1483) [British Library copies]
Digital facsimiles of William Caxton's first and second editions of The Canterbury Tales, together with background information. The material was digitised in association with Keio University in Tokyo.
Gutenberg Bible (Mainz, c1455) [British Library copies]
Digital facsimiles of the British Library's two copies of the Gutenberg Bible (shelfmarks: C.9.d.3,4 and G.12226,27), together with related works. The material was digitised in association with Keio University in Tokyo.
Gutenberg Bible (Mainz, c1455) [Keio University copy]
Digital facsimile of the partial copy of a Gutenberg Bible at Keio University in Tokyo.
Gutenberg Bible (Mainz, c1455) [University of Texas copy]
Digital facsimile of the Gutenberg Bible at the Ranson Center, (formally, the Harry Ransom Center), University of Texas at Austin, United States.
Gutenberg Bible (Mainz, c1455) [Göttingen copy]
Digital facsimile of the Gutenberg Bible at Göttingen State and University Library, Germany.
Gutenberg Bible (Mainz, c1455) [Bayerische Staatsbibliothek copy]
Digital facsimile of the Gutenberg Bible at the Bavarian State Library in Munich, Germany.
Zedler's Universal-Lexicon (1732)
Bavarian State Library's digitized images of Johann Zedler's Großes Universallexicon.
Other sources of digital facsimiles
Digital facsimiles are also available either by subscription over the internet, or to purchase on CD-ROM. Such sources include:
Early English Books Online (EEBO)
Subscription web-based service providing full digital facsimiles of selected English books printed before 1701. Images are generated from the two Early English Books microfilm series.
Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO)
Subscription web-based service providing full digital facsimiles of selected English books printed 1701-1800. Texts are fully searchable. Images are generated from The Eighteenth Century microfilm series.
Octavo Digital Editions
Octavo Digital Editions on CD-ROM and downloadable Digital Facsimiles offer a range of rare works.