Parliament and people

Putney Debates record book

Putney debates

During the English Civil War of 1642-1651, the ousting of the king saw the need for a peace agreement that might serve as a constitution for the new-look England. At the Putney Debates of 1647, various factions put forward their proposals

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Death warrant of Charles I

Charles I's death warrant

The English Civil War of the mid-1600s pitted people against the establishment, and parliament against the king. Taking revenge for Charles's arrogant flouting of the laws, parliament had him beheaded. The monarchy was soon restored, but the balance of power was never the same again

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The Agreement of the People

Agreement of the People

During the English Civil War of 1642-1651, the ousting of the King invited a new constitution. Various factions put forward their proposals, including the Levellers, who produced a remarkably modern approach to liberty: the Agreement of the People

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Hobbes's Leviathan

Hobbes's Leviathan

Published in 1651, in the midst of England's civil war, Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan helped shape western political thinking.

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The Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights

After the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660, William and Mary became regents in return for accepting a Bill of Rights.

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