Do birds have the instinctive ability to sing and call, or do individuals learn to do so in the course of each individual lifetime? Hand-reared chaffinches might have the answer.
Birds produce more complex sounds than any other animal. The physiology and acoustics of bird vocalisation are unique in the animal kingdom.
Sound recording has played a vital role in research into the vocal communication of birds. One question it's answered about birdsong is "do birds hear birdsong as we do?"
Which birds drum, hum, snap, bleat and clap? And why?
It's the most musical of all nature's sounds, but why do birds sing?
What are bird calls and how do they differ from birdsong?
How do birds learn, produce and experience such complex sounds?
Some birds are excellent mimics, but can they really talk to us?
Please consider the environment before printing