The design, development, construction and science of aircraft and their related systems and powerplants.
The study of the Earth’s atmosphere (the layer of gases surrounding the planet that is retained by its gravity) and its processes.
The study of the chemical process and transformations in living organisms.
The study of how cells, organs and systems function in the human body and the application of this understanding to medical practice.
The design, construction and operation of plants that perform chemical reactions.
Chemistry is concerned with the study of matter, its properties and interactions with other matter and with energy.
The design, construction and maintenance of the built environment. Originally coined to distinguish civilian engineering projects such as roads and bridges from military projects.
Considers past, present, and projected future changes in the climate system. It is concerned with the large-scale variability of the atmosphere, oceans, and land surface.
The investigation of changes in the Earth’s climate over time. Frequently based on analysis of natural objects that carry evidence of past climates (rocks, fossils).
The design and development of physical computer hardware components and of computers themselves.
The development of computer programs, procedures, functions and related data that provide the instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it.
The study of the relationships between organisms, including humans and their environment: an interdisciplinary science that draws from both the physical and biological sciences.
The study and application of electricity and electromagnetism including the generation, distribution and conversion of electrical energy.
Research and development of electronic components, and their use in larger
devices and complex systems.
The study of the Earth’s landscapes, peoples, places and environments and the relationships between them.
The study of the Earth, the materials of which it is made, the structure of those materials, and the processes acting upon them and how these have changed over time.
The physics of the Earth and its environment in space and the study of the Earth using quantitative physical methods.
The study of snow and ice: glaciology is an interdisciplinary science defined by what is being studied rather than how.
Materials science deals with understanding the properties of materials, manipulating their behaviour, and creating new materials.
The scientific study of the atmosphere, particularly weather and climate.
The study of biology at a molecular level, chiefly the interactions between the various systems of a cell and how these are regulated.
Investigation of the oceans and the processes within them: an interdisciplinary science defined by what is being studied rather than how.
The study of the origin, nature and chemistry of drugs and their action on living systems.
The study of matter and its motion through space and time.
The management of science and engineering projects and organisations, including the management of scientists and engineers and the implementation of science policy.
The design, development and construction of equipment used to collect scientific data and perform experiments.
Includes space and planetary exploration, earth observation, spacecraft and payload design, navigation and control and related space technology.
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