D. Monk and C. Olsson
Industrial and Commercial Training, vol. 39, 2007, p. 319-324
The British government currently spends £14.2 million per year subsidising the Modern Apprenticeship scheme in English professional football. However, the system appears to have 'fallen between two stools'. The programme does not operate successfully at the individual level in that most of those trained never become professional footballers. Equally, the system does not work at the macro level, in that it has not produced an elite national team capable of winning major tournaments. The French apprenticeship system has been more successful in producing elite players, but invests much more in training aspiring footballers.
T. Hannagan, A. Lawton and G. Mallory
International Journal of Public Sector Information, vol. 20, 2007, p. 484-496
This paper examines changes in the management of further education colleges in England following the Further and Higher Education Act 1992 and the removal of colleges from local authority control. These changes are mapped against the introduction of New Public Management into public service organisations and the adoption of business tools to support managers responding to a new environment for colleges.