J.L. Roby and S.A. Shaw
Families in Society, Vol.89, 2008, p. 119-127
In Uganda, over two million children are orphans or otherwise vulnerable, representing 14% of the nation's children. Fostering by kin and community members is recognised as the best option for orphans, and costs far less than caring for those children in institutions. This study evaluated the services of Action for Children, a charity based in Kampala, which provides a family preservation programme for at risk families with young children. The goal of the programme is to support families so that they can continue to care for orphans and other children living with them. Findings suggest that the households' needs in certain areas, such as housing and food security, decreased significantly after services were received. Children's sense of belonging and permanency also improved.
The Guardian, March 4th 2008, p. 20
In an attempt to counteract the practice of mass female foeticide, the Indian government have announced a scheme which pays families to give birth to and bring up girl children. The scheme is set to save more than 100,000 girls within the first year.
(See also The Independent, March 6th 2008, p.29)
The Guardian, March 13th 2008, p. 18
According to South Africa's Human Rights Commission children in the country are so affected by crime and violence that they play games of 'rape me, rape me' and mimic robberies in the playground. The Commission said forty percent of young people interviewed had been victims of some form of crime, with schools the 'single most common' site of crimes against children.