Disability and Society, vol. 23, 2008, p. 271-282
Autism was first diagnosed and recognised in China only in 1982, and even today many doctors do not know what autism is. This article examines the development of service provision for children with autism at the Nanjing Child Mental Health Research Center founded in 1984. Specifically, the intervention model for autism, factors influencing the development of the model, and how structural and organisational features of the institution impact on the implementation of the model are explored.