Housing Studies, vol.23, 2008, p. 697-716
Using legislation as one of its main tools, the apartheid government in South Africa provided the white population with abundant resources and economic opportunities. At the same time, opportunities were systematically denied to members of other groups. Since 1994 the African National Congress-led government has worked to remedy the effects of apartheid through legislative means. Community reinvestment legislation has been part of this effort. The Department of Housing has attempted to use such legislation to redress unequal access to housing finance - and thereby unequal access to housing - in post-apartheid South Africa. However community reinvestment legislation efforts have been continually thwarted by South African banks and by governmental bodies charged with overseeing the economy. This paper explores the conflict over South Africa's efforts to broaden access to housing finance, and assesses the various political and economic factors that led to the failure of these efforts.
S. Ganapati and H. Frank
Urban Affairs Review, vol. 44, 2008, p. 57-84
The Adker consent decree aims to facilitate the desegregation of public housing in Miami-Dade County. It requires that Miami-Dade public housing offers be initially made on the basis of race to non-Blacks and that half of the eligible turnover of Section 8 vouchers (the federal tenant-based rental assistance programme, also called Housing Choice Voucher Programme) be given to current or former Black public housing residents. Although well-intentioned, the Adker consent decree has had unintended consequences: 1) it has achieved only modest desegregation; 2) it has escalated the public housing vacancy rate; and 3) it has added considerably to the housing agency's operational costs.
Urban Affairs Review, vol.44, 2008, p. 127-141
Since the late 1960s, community-based organisations (CBOs) have become increasingly responsible for the implementation of affordable housing policy in the United States. This process has produced a community development industry composed of community-based organisations, nonprofit intermediaries, private sector partners and governmental agencies at federal, state and local levels. The emergence of the community development industry system has altered the relationships between local government and nongovernmental agencies. This article focuses on how public administrators perceive the influence of nonprofit networks consisting of CBOs, financial intermediaries and funder collaboratives on affordable housing policy at the local government level. Specifically, an attempt is made to measure the influence of nonprofit networks on local government decision making related to funding CBOs engaged in affordable housing activities.