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Welfare Reform on the Web (January 2009): Care of the elderly - overseas

Care in the community for older people: an English perspective on the German care system

J. Crossland

European Journal of Social Work, Vol. 11, 2008, p.313-316

This article outlines how the German social care system addresses three interconnected themes:

  • mechanics for determining the need for care
  • how that care is funded
  • the respective responsibilities of individuals, families and the state.

Innovative models of aging in place: transforming our communities for an aging population

A. Bookman

Community, Work and Family, vol. 11, 2008, p. 419-438

As the proportion of the global population over 60 continues to grow, the issue of where and how older people are going to live becomes increasingly pressing. The idea of aging in place, in which older people remain in their own homes and communities, is becoming an increasingly popular alternative to retirement communities. This article documents three new models of aging in place emerging in the USA: naturally occurring retirement communities, villages and campus-affiliated communities. Naturally occurring retirement communities involve a conscious attempt to develop elder-specific services in areas where there is a high concentration of older people. The village model connects people over 50 to social activities, health and fitness programmes and home help and maintenance on a fee-for-service basis. Campus-affiliated retirement communities connect older people to institutions of higher education, offering housing integrated with lifelong learning options.

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