Click here to skip to content

Welfare Reform on the Web (April 2009): Social security - overseas

The economics of social protection

L. Soderstrom

Cheltenham: E. Elgar, 2008

This book discusses the welfare state and its alternatives. It focuses on arrangements for redistributing consumption opportunities over the life cycle and for providing compensation for income losses or large expenditures due to reasons such as illness and unemployment. After extensive coverage of the nature of inequalities in income and wealth in a market economy, and various notions of social justice, the book discusses public and private transfers in cash or in kind related to old age, childhood, illness and the like. Importantly, it takes into account both equity and efficiency aspects.

Gendering the 'responsible risk taker': citizenship relationships with gender-neutral social assistance policy

A. Gazso

Citizenship Studies, vol. 13, 2009, p. 45-63

This article draws on select findings from a mixed method study of social assistance reform from 1993 to 2004 in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan to explore the gendered relationships among reforms to the structure of social assistance, concurrent transformations in the conceptualisation of individuals' citizenship rights to benefits, and low-income parents' experience of these changes. Policy discourse in all three provinces increasingly constructs mothers and fathers as 'responsible risk takers', who are entitled to income support on condition that they actively seek employment and improve their skills.

Leave policy in Nordic welfare states: a 'recipe' for high employment/high fertility?

A.L. Ellingsaeter

Community, Work and Family, vol. 12, 2009, p. 1-19

The Nordic countries stand out as the region where the highest rates of female/maternal employment and fertility are found in Europe. The Nordic welfare state model, including its generous parental leave provisions, is commonly advanced as the main reason for this happy state of affairs. This paper begins by conceptualising connections between family policy and women's employment and fertility rates. It then explores the various aims of leave policies and key developments in leave policies for parents in the five Nordic states; the trends in Nordic women's employment and fertility rates related to leave policies; and how leave policies interact with labour market developments and institutions of family formation.

Search Welfare Reform on the Web