V. Loke and M. Sherraden
International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 18, 2009, p. 119-129
To succeed in today's globalised and knowledge-based economy, people must continually invest in themselves and expand their capabilities. In order to do this, they need assets which enable them to meet unanticipated costs and seize opportunities. The UK, Singapore, Canada and South Korea have recently implemented schemes to build assets for every child starting from birth. This article provides an overview of these schemes, and a proposed similar policy in the USA.
Journal of Children and Poverty, vol. 15, 2009, p. 39-53
US states with refundable state Earned Income Tax Credits (EITCs) offset state income tax liabilities for qualifying families and provide supplemental income via tax refunds if the credit exceeds a family's tax liabilities. By contrast, non-refundable state EITCs only protect a family's taxable income. This study estimates the effects of state EITCs on overall and child poverty. Results indicate that a refundable state EITC is associated with reductions in child poverty but has no effect on overall poverty.
European Sociological Review, vol. 25, 2009, p. 215-231
There is considerable concern about long-term receipt of social assistance in many western countries. Social assistance is intended to provide short-term support in a crisis, and there are concerns that long-term receipt is leading to dependency. There is also evidence that claimants leaving social assistance tend to return. This study explored the dynamics of social assistance in Norway using panel data methods to investigate amount of money received and event history analysis to examine social assistance duration and repeat claims. Results show that most people spend only short periods on social assistance, although many who leave later re-enter. Immigrants, especially those from Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe, receive more social assistance payments for longer periods than native Norwegians. There is no difference between people born in Norway and those born abroad as regards repeat claims.
Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol.57, 2009, p. 439-588
This symposium looks at the impacts of the Oportunidades conditional cash transfer programme in Mexico, covering:
G. Davies and others
International Social Security Review, vol. 62, Apr.-June 2009, p. 31-54
In 2003 the Shanghai Bureau of Labour and Social Security launched the zenbao (town insurance) programme, now widely known as 25 plus X. The scheme aims to extend social security coverage to people in the towns surrounding Shanghai who previously either received lower benefits under the rural insurance scheme or had no cover at all. It is also used as a means of compensating those who have been dispossessed of their land use rights due to Shanghai's urban expansion. Using data from 103,000 individuals enrolled in 25 plus X, this article examines the extent to which the scheme represents a true extension of social security coverage.