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Welfare Reform on the Web (June 2009): Community regeneration and development - UK

Bottom-up community development: reality or rhetoric? The example of Kingsmead Kabin in East London

A. Turner

Community Development Journal, vol. 44, 2009, p. 230-247

This article presents a case study of the Kingsmead Kabin project, which originated as an informal initiative led by residents of a sink estate in Hackney. The project was set up by local people to respond to local needs. As the project grew, professional staff were employed who imposed their own ideas on tenants and the capacity of the organisation to listen and to respond in partnership with tenants to priorities articulated locally was eroded. In pursuit of grant funding to enable the retention of professional staff, the project embraced alternative agendas to those generated locally.

How effective are area-based regeneration initiatives in targeting socially excluded individuals?

D. Baker, S. Barrow and C. Shiels

Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol. 2, 2009, p. 351-363

Since their inception in the 1960s, area-based regeneration initiatives have been inadequately evaluated. Evaluations have tended to result in lists of outputs achieved, eg number of training places created, with little or no assessment of the regeneration initiative's impact on deprived individuals and households within the targeted community. Quality of life outcomes have rarely been measured. This study aims to help fill this gap by measuring the extent to which mainstream regeneration programmes had been targeted at the most socially excluded populations in nine local authorities in North-West England.

Neighbourhood regeneration: routes out of disappointment

T. Davies

Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol. 2, 2009, p. 337-350

A very significant amount of public money has been invested in regeneration in Scotland, but is not producing results on the ground in terms of measurable outcomes. Regeneration is at present an exercise in large-scale inward investment by central government via unified single structures put in place to manage and account for the money. However, this model does not create conditions in which new local initiatives can arise and flourish. It is now proving counterproductive to the creation of a diverse local economy.

Understanding 'new regional policy': what is behind the government's sub-national economic development policy for England?

P. Hildreth

Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol. 2, 2009, p. 318-336

The Labour government published its Sub-National Review of Economic Development and Regeneration policy in 2007, followed by an implementation plan in 2008. This article shows that the present 'new regional policy' has been shaped by endogenous growth theory and explores how it differs from two previous theories (neo-Keynesian and 'neoclassical' economics) which have shaped national and sub-national policy since 1945. It then considers how relevant the present policy is to the economic and regeneration challenges faced by sub-national places.

Urban regeneration report aims to improve public space

E. Heathcote

Financial Times, May 12th 2009, p. 4

The Government published a major policy report on urban regeneration on 11 May which includes objectives to improve housing, planning and public spaces. The report's title is: Transforming Places, Changing Lives. It is being seen as the most significant report on urban regeneration to emerge in the last ten years.

Working with 'culture' in multi-ethnic areas: perspectives for urban regeneration

P. Briata

Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol. 2, 2009, p. 375-388

In recent years, cultural policies for urban regeneration have explored ways of looking at the culture of immigrant groups as a resource for the vitality of urban life and economy. Cultural diversity is seen as a source of innovation, creativity and entrepreneurship. This paper examines how 'culture' can be constructed in order to analyse the dynamics of urban multi-ethnic settlements and seeks to show how it can be used to address problems of diversity, local development and social cohesion. It uses a case study of an urban regeneration project in Spitalfields, East London to show how immigrant culture was mobilised to boost the local economy. At the same time the idea of culture that was mobilised in the regeneration process created tensions both within the immigrant community and between it and the white working class indigenous population. The project was not helpful in enhancing social cohesion and solidarity in the area.

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