Social Policy & Administration, vol. 34,2000, p. 87-114
The paper aims to review the two approaches to the Japanese welfare state ie: the regime approach and the corporate-centred system approach. It examines their strengths and limits in exploring welfare development in Japan. It also examines recent developments by focusing on a mix of social, demographic and economic factors. It concludes that current expansion in social welfare in Japan can be seen as a state investment to help families and the corporate sector prepare and reorganise themselves for the new economic order.
Social Policy & Administration, vol. 34,2000, p. 115-130
The article offers a wide-ranging review of social policy trends and developments in China. It looks at the pressures on the traditional social policy in the context of Market Reform and the Open Door policy, and comments on the changing roles of government, NGOs and urban employment units, in the societalization of social policy away from the state welfare model. The general direction of the reform is geared to reducing the role of government in the provision of welfare and to increasing individual responsibility for social security and well-being.
Social Policy & Administration, vol. 34, 2000 p. 44-63
The article tries to answer some of the following questions:
The author sees the twenty-first century as a special window of opportunity for re-embedding the welfare state compact at the European level.
D. Béland and R. Hansen
West European Politics, vol. 23, 2000, p. 47-64
Social welfare provision in France is funded by insurance and is founded on the principle of solidarity, which holds that all citizens face social risks, such as illness or unemployment, that make them dependent on one another. The emergence of high levels of unemployment has undermined this system in three ways:
These difficulties are encouraging moves towards the British model of tax based rather then insurance based financing of social provision.
THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF REFORM: POVERTY IN AOTEAROA/NEW ZEALAND
Social Policy & Administration, vol. 34, 2000, p64-86
The paper discusses the impact of fifteen years of economic and social change on income inequality and poverty in New Zealand. It considers how a consensual poverty line was established through the use of a series of focus groups. This leads into a discussion on who was poor in 1998. Problems in measuring trends in the incidence and severity of poverty during a period when economic growth is absent and the income distribution is widening are then analysed.