A.D. Fernandez and L. Angeles
Women's Studies International Forum, vol.32, 2009, p. 80-88
Through an examination of the work of the Taller de Transformacion Integral de Cayo Hueso, a local planning body in Havana, this study contributes to our understanding of the role of women in urban regeneration initiatives in Cuba. Many of its community-based initiatives were dependent on women's unpaid labour as well as their social networks. Women's engagement with, and sense of responsibility to, Cayo Hueso stemmed from their self-identification as the 'mothers' of the neighbourhood. Women in Cayo Hueso were engaged in 'activist mothering' to sustain community-based efforts to upgrade the city infrastructure.
Social Policy and Administration, vol. 43, 2009, p. 245-269
The Jamaica Social Investment Fund (JSIF) was established in 1996 as an autonomous agency to bolster the National Poverty Eradication Programme. Funds were channelled through local organisations (called local sponsors) to sub-projects designed to improve physical, social and economic conditions in the community. JSIF set specific eligibility criteria for approving proposals, which included the ability of local sponsors to cover at least 5% of the cost of the sub-project. Communities had the option of providing labour, services and supplies in lieu of cash. They were also required to participate in the selection, proposing and monitoring the sub-project. Social fund sub-projects support the development of social capital by their participatory nature. The participatory approach used in the social funds results in sub-projects that communities find relevant and that allow them, as beneficiaries, to be in charge of a large part of the process. By establishing functional networks, local organisations are able to participate in broader community initiatives following the completion of the sub-projects.