I. Mirza and others
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities Research, vol. 53, 2009, p.559-570
Pakistan has one of the highest reported rates of childhood intellectual disabilities in the world. Services for such individuals are rudimentary. This mixed-methods study of childhood intellectual disability in Pakistan showed that:
There is a need to develop feasible, cost-effective, community level interventions which can be integrated into existing healthcare systems.
Disability and Society, vol. 24, 2009, p. 461-474
Discussions about user involvement in mental health services throw up four major areas of concern: the capacity of service users to participate, their lack of participation skills, the need for a positive organisational culture, and the need for arenas of participation. This article presents evidence from participatory action research with Irish mental health service users which explored how they could more effectively participate in advisory committees. Service users identified barriers to their equal participation which fall within Baker's 2004 equality of condition framework. These include unequal cultural, physical, mental, economic and time resources, stigma, and lack of respect for experiential knowledge.
J.M. Cramm and others
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities Research, vol. 53, 2009, p. 512-520
During the last decade Dutch healthcare organisations have developed programmes to support the employment of people with learning difficulties in the ordinary workplace, an innovation that follows from a broader government policy to facilitate the empowerment and social integration of such citizens. Supported employment programmes provide assistance in the form of job coaches, transportation, technology, specialised job training and client-specific supervision. This study used the innovative Q-methodology to investigate supported employees' own views of their employment, focusing on the characteristics they felt best contributed to their social integration. Two views on the impact of supported employment on social integration emerged: 'work as participation' and 'work as structure'. The group with the first view placed greater value on participation, task variety, feeling appreciated and belonging, while the second valued working independently, clear working agreements, and friendly co-workers.