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Welfare Reform on the Web (August 2009): Child welfare - overseas

Globalization, the welfare state and young people leaving state out-of-home care

P. Mendes

Asian Social Work and Policy Review, vol. 3, 2009, p. 85-94

Some theories of globalisation argue that it is producing a uniform reduction in social spending, while others claim that global influences are moderated by specific national factors. This article argues that the emergence of support for young care leavers in almost all developed countries provides further evidence to support the moderation thesis.

Supporting familial and community care for children: legislative reform and implementation challenges in South Africa

C.R. Matthias and F.N. Zaal

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 18, 2009, p. 291-298

To address child poverty and the rising number of AIDS orphans, new childcare legislation is emerging in South Africa. The Children's Act 2005 and the Children's Act Amendment Bill of 2006 fundamentally reform the law on both parental care and alternative care provided by the state. The reforms are predicated on a developmental approach aimed at supporting the child-nurturing capacities of families and communities. This article provides a critical evaluation of a key component of the 2005 Act and the 2006 Bill - the provisions aimed at reducing the need for children to be removed from their families or communities through alternative care orders such as partial care, shared care, and cluster care and support for child-headed households.

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