G. Marston and C. McDonald (editors)
Cheltenham: Elgar, 2009
The book expands the scope of social policy analysis using insights from post-Foucauldian scholarship on the art of governing in liberal democracies. One of the main conclusions reached is that policy researchers need to pay much greater attention to the minutiae of policy reform, and to the discursive and material ways in which power operates in policy change. The chapters comprising this book draw on social policy problems and practices in many countries, ranging from North America to Europe to Australasia. The editors address key concerns both policy analysts as well as academic researchers, attempting to locate appropriate theoretical frameworks to make sense of welfare state restructuring in the 21st century.
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 29, 2009, p. 445-456
Contributing to the growing literature on the role of ideas and related cultural discursive processes in policy development, this article reconstructs the uses of the idea of solidarity in French political and social policy discourse. It offers a comparison between the late 19th century, when this idea became part of the Republican tradition through the work of intellectuals and politicians like Leon Bourgeois, and the late 1980s and 1990s, when intellectuals and politicians like Pierre Rosanvallon referred to this idea in order to justify the adoption and expansion of path-departing programmes such as the Revenu Minimum d'Insertion and Contribution Sociale Géneralisé.
Research on Aging, vol.31, 2009, p. 520-548
The main purpose of this study was to examine the labour force participation rates of 55- to 64-year-olds across countries and by gender on the basis of Esping-Andersen's typology of welfare states. It found that:
J. Toussaint and M. Elsinga
Housing Studies, vol. 24, 2009, p. 669-692
In the UK, the encouragement of home ownership is regarded as a strand of asset-based welfare policies. Home ownership is becoming a more significant aspect of welfare provision, particularly as a source of income security in old age through equity release schemes. This paper attempts to reveal the extent to which seven other European countries are moving in the same direction, using data from the EU Project OSIS. Home ownership was found to provide security and played a role in people's financial planning in all countries. Home ownership was used as means of achieving low housing costs and of building up a nest-egg that could be cashed in by selling. However, use of equity release schemes to gain access to cash for welfare needs had only been adopted in the UK.
D. McNeill and A. Lera St. Clair
London: Routledge, 2009
Severe poverty is one of the greatest moral challenges of our times. But what place, if any, do ethical thinking and questions of global justice have in the policies and practice of international organizations? This books examines this question in depth, based on an analysis of the two major multilateral development organizations - the World Bank and the UNDP - and two specific initiatives where poverty and ethics or human rights have been explicitly in focus: the Inter-American Development Bank and UNESCO. The current development aid framework may be seen as seeking to make globalization work for the poor; and multilateral organizations such as these are powerful global actors, whether by virtue of their financial resources, or in their role as global norm-setting bodies and as sources of hegemonic knowledge about poverty.
P. Alcock and G. Craig (editors)
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009
The book examines social policy in a global comparative context. With detailed explanations of the historical, political and social context of policy developments across thirteen nations, the book offers an authoritative picture of social policy across the developed world. This second edition now offers an expanded first chapter on welfare analysis, completely new chapters on China and South Korea, and updates throughout that describe the latest changes and policy trends. Exploring and comparing a variety of approaches to social policy, each chapter looks at welfare structure, developments and future prospects in a single country. The book considers core areas of policy provision alongside contemporary international concerns, such as globalization, demographic change and economic reform.
Canadian Review of Sociology, vol. 46, 2009, p. 207-234
In the context of neoliberal reforms in Canada and elsewhere, this paper discusses the change from collective to personal responsibility for welfare. Citizens are expected to take responsibility for themselves and for maximising their social and economic advancement. Voluntary organisations are becoming increasingly responsible for managing the more vulnerable members of society instead of campaigning for change. Former public services are privatised and outsourced. These developments are supported by the emergence of a cultural mentality of rule, termed a responsibilising ethos.
Cheltenham: Elgar, 2009
Over the past decade the issue of work-family balance has reached a more prominent place on the policy agenda of many Western European countries. However the preoccupations of governments have been largely instrumental, focusing particularly on the goal of increasing female employment rates in order to achieve greater competitiveness and economic growth, and also in many countries on raising fertility rates and promoting children's early learning. This book looks at the three main components of work-family policy packages - childcare services, flexible working patterns and entitlements to leave from work in order to care - across EU15 Member States, with comparative reference to the US. It also provides an in-depth examination of developments in the UK. Variations in national priorities, policy instruments, established policy orientations and the context for policy making in terms of employment patterns, fertility behaviour and attitudes towards work and care are highlighted. Gender inequalities in the division of paid and unpaid work underpin the whole issue of work-family balance. But what constitutes gender equality in this crucial policy field? The book argues that in spite of growing political emphasis on the importance of 'choice', a 'real' choice to engage in either or both of the socially necessary activities of paid and unpaid work has remained elusive.