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Welfare Reform on the Web (February 2010): Community regeneration and development - UK

Creating Sustainable Communities - a means to enhance social mobility?

S. Bell and A. Lane

Local Economy, vol. 24, 2009, p. 646-657

This paper describes the origins, composition and outputs of a generic course, Creating Sustainable Communities (CSC) developed by Dr Simon Bell in collaboration with the UK Homes and Communities Academy. The course can be used in higher education, continuing professional development and community development. It provides a tool for communities of all kinds to assess their current situation, reflect on how sustainability can be projected onto this reality, measure how sustainable the community is, has been and can be in its own terms, and finally develop meaningful action plans for agreed change agendas.

Higher education: social mobility, economic development and cultural transformation

P. Scott

Local Economy, vol. 24, 2009, p. 681-686

This paper explores the three key roles played by UK universities in sustaining local communities and strengthening local economies. Universities increase social mobility through the emergence of mass higher education in the UK; they contribute directly to economic development through their expenditure on local goods and services and through their role in developing the knowledge economy; and they produce powerful cultural effects.

Regeneration: should it be targeted at a city-region or neighbourhood scale?

D. Sutton

Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol. 3, 2009, p. 154-160

The UK government's regeneration policies constantly vary their focus between setting priorities at the city-region and neighbourhood levels. This paper argues, based on the author's experience in North West England, that the regeneration outcomes, whether economic, environmental, artistic or social, that have an impact on most individuals come from activities at a level between these two, namely at a town or district level.

Stability, residential satisfaction and the dynamics of change: evidence from the New Deal for Communities programme in England

C. Beatty and I. Cole

Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol. 3, 2009, p. 141-153

The New Deal for Communities is the flagship area-based programme introduced by the New Labour government. Launched in 1999, it involves a ten-year programme of intervention in 39 neighbourhoods across England, with each partnership receiving about 50m. Community involvement and consultation form a central plank of the programme, and a wide range of interventions have been introduced in the domains of crime prevention, health, education, housing and the physical environment and worklessness. This paper examines the relationship between different types of neighbourhoods selected for the programme and changes in household satisfaction, social capital and residential mobility over a four year period.

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