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Welfare Reform on the Web (April 2010): Social security - overseas

A LEAP forward or a LEAP back? Revelations about the Learning, Earning and Parenting (LEAP) program of Ontario Works

T. Smith-Carrier

Social Policy and Society, vol. 9, 2010, p. 155-166

The LEAP (Learning, Earning and Parenting) policy is a workfare programme for teenage parents within the broader Ontario Works initiative. This article discusses the findings of a qualitative study which explored the adequacy and efficacy of the programme.

Social assistance and dependency in South Africa: an analysis of attitudes to paid work and social grants

R. Surender and others

Journal of Social Policy, vol. 39, 2010, p. 203-221

Concerns are emerging in policy debates in South Africa about rising social expenditure and the risk of handouts in the shape of social grants reducing work motivation and giving rise to welfare dependency. Using both quantitative and qualitative data, this study explores whether there is evidence of a 'dependency culture', the nature and strength of labour market attachment among grant recipients, and the opportunities for, and barriers to, employment that they face. Results show that people in and out of work both place a high value on paid employment. Joblessness has not become 'normalised' and the unemployed are highly motivated to find work. Grant recipients do not subscribe to a distinctive culture but to mainstream values and aspirations. The most important factors in reducing people's chances of finding work were perceived by all respondents to be linked to structural conditions in the labour market and the wider economy rather than to the motivation of the unemployed or the grants system.

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