Economy and Society, vol. 39, 2010, p. 155-184
In recent years municipalities across the United States have launched programmes which offer immediate access to housing to chronically homeless single people without any requirement to accept social or medical services. This article argues that, for municipalities, chronic homelessness programmes offer a way of containing an unruly underclass in economically efficient and productive ways. These initiatives are replacing traditional approaches which sought to change the behaviour of single homeless people individually through disciplinary interventions.
M. Glassman, D. Karno and G. Erdem
Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 32, 2010, p. 798-806
The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (RHYA) has guided US social policy for homeless young people since 1974. This paper explores the Act from three viewpoints:
Acta Sociologica, vol. 53, 2010, p. 19-34
In Sweden municipalities are responsible for combating homelessness. This article investigates policy changes in tackling the problem of long-term homelessness in Gothenburg. The first policy change involved dismantling the hostel system and replacing it with a 'housing staircase' model in the late 1980s. Under this regime, homeless people are supposed to ascend step by step from the streets to a dwelling of their own via low-grade shelters, category housing, training flats and transitional flats. Towards the end of the 1990s this model was abandoned in favour of a framework for contracting out services to private businesses.
A. Krusi and others
Health and Social Care in the Community, vol.18, 2010, p. 282-288
In Canada approximately 150,000 young people live on the street. This qualitative study based on interviews with 38 street involved young substance users in Vancouver explored the social and structural barriers they encountered when seeking housing. Structural barriers commonly experienced by this group included a lack of formal support in securing housing and appropriate income support, as well as barriers related to overly restrictive and abstinence-based shelters. Young people also reported structural barriers, such as a lack of trust between shelter staff and youth, as well as discrimination when seeking more permanent housing. As a result of such challenges, some young people relied on single-room occupancy hotels, although residing in such accommodation was viewed as dangerous and as giving up hope for a return to mainstream society. The findings point to a need for provision of safe, low threshold, harm reduction-focused housing options for street-involved youth who engage in illicit drug use.