K. Juhila and S. Raitakari
Ethics and Social Welfare, vol.4, 2010, p. 57-71
Ethical issues and difficulties are constantly discussed and negotiated in day-to-day professional social work practice, even though the word ethics is not necessarily used. This article analyses how professionals jointly produce implicit ethical justifications for potentially setting limits to help provided to residents of a supported housing unit for people with mental health and substance misuse problems run by a municipality in Finland. Five types of justification are identified through analysis of conversations at 28 professional meetings. These are: 1) that the unit deals with certain kinds of problems only; 2) clients need more intensive care and control than the unit can provide; 3) that excessive care produces dependency; 4) that clients must be allowed to make their own choices in life; and 5) that the interests of other clients must be considered.
M. Monnickendam, Ch. Katz and M.S. Monnickendam
British Journal of Social Work, vol. 40, 2010, p. 911-927
Social workers have to choose whether to focus on influencing social policy and promoting social change or on interventions to help individual poor and vulnerable families to cope. They also have to choose whether to serve the poor or the non-poor. This qualitative study investigates the implications of social work directors' perceptions of their role on the development of council social services for various types of poor clients in Israel. A focus group with eleven directors and in-depth interviews with six were conducted. Results show that directors were unsure of their professional role and responsibilities with regard to poverty, preferred interventions at the individual or family level over attempts to effect change at the macro level, did not perceive the poor as a target population, did not direct their efforts at the poor, and consequently did not develop poor client centred services.
L. Damodaran and W. Olphert
Journal of Integrated Care, vol.18, Apr. 2010, p. 25-32
Developments in ICT have led to a proliferation of new products, systems and services aimed at providing assistance with all aspects of daily living. This paper reports the findings of a literature review conducted to investigate user responses to assisted living technologies, principally telehealth and telecare applications. Some key challenges for the uptake and adoption of these technologies are discussed, and significant user requirements emerging from the evidence are identified.