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Welfare Reform on the Web (February 2011): Community regeneration and development - overseas

Community capacity building as a route to inclusion in neighbourhood regeneration?

M.A. Fallov

International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 34, 2010, p. 789-804

Individual and communal capacities have increasingly become the target of policies to fight social exclusion at the neighbourhood level. Such policies target capacities for employment, civic engagement and collective mobilisation, rather than exclusion from rights and resources. Based on comparative research in England and Denmark, this article develops a critical analysis of the mobilisation of the concept of community capacity within neighbourhood regeneration and exclusion policies. It compares the specific national paths of New Labour's Third Way and its Danish equivalent to explore how regeneration based on capacity building is given varying expressions as a result of differences in welfare regimes, in local-government relations and in international influences.

Reengineering an urban slum: a case study of Dharavi, India

A. Roy and M. Roy

International Journal of Sustainable Society, vol. 2, 2010, p. 420-435

The Maharashtra Government has authorised the redevelopment of the Dharavi slum in the heart of the business district of Mumbai. A total of 535 acres will be redeveloped to resettle about 600,000 current residents at a cost of $2.5bn over seven years. This article uses historical analysis to explain the growth of the Dharavi slum over the past century, and appraises the redevelopment project using a holistic stakeholder approach.

Towards a sustainable community-based management: an assessment of community participation level

S. Soviana and R. Kuhl

International Journal of Sustainable Society, vol. 2, 2010, p. 341-354

A community-based management (CBM) approach is claimed to be fundamental for sustainable development in the Third World. In reality, participation has often meant little more than provision of local labour and materials, with little community involvement in decision-making and with agencies retaining control of installed systems. There is a possible gap between what the community could do and its actual involvement in CBM projects. To clarify this question, this study attempts to analyse the community participation level in five community-based environmental management projects in Namibia, Pakistan, Philippines, Zimbabwe and Mexico.

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