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Welfare Reform on the Web (August 2000): Child Welfare - Overseas

ARE THE NEW CHILD-SUPPORT GUIDELINES "ADEQUATE" OR "REASONABLE"?

V. Barham, R. A. Devlin, C. LaCasse

Canadian Public Policy, vol. 26, no. 1. 2000, p. 1-15

The Canadian federal government has reformed the current system of determination of child-support awards. The new guidelines assess support solely as a function of the non-custodial parent's income and the number of children requiring support. This paper examines these Guidelines by comparing them to six standards of adequacy and reasonableness. The authors conclude that while the guidelines typically provide reasonable child support, a better approach would be to take account of family assets as well as parental incomes to determine the level of child support payments.

KIDS RAISED BY THE GOVERNMENT

I. M. Schwartz, G. Fishman

Westport, Conn. London: Praeger, 1999

The book focuses on the problems and issues confronting the child welfare services in Michigan and elsewhere in US. It presents research findings into issues such as: adoption and permanency, the relationship between child welfare and delinquency, and residential treatment. The authors found that relatively few children placed into foster care are ever reunited with their biological families, instead, they stay in foster care for years and are essentially being raised by the government. The authors also looked at the federal role in child welfare, including recent and past national legislation and the ideology behind these laws. Finally, they make recommendations to improve the system.

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