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Welfare Reform on the Web (August 2000): Social Security - Overseas

FRENCH CLOSE TO DEAL ON JOBLESS BENEFITS

R. Graham

Financial Times, June 5th 2000, p. 8

In France, employers and unions jointly manage the social security system. Medef, the employers federation, is on the point of agreeing a deal with the unions that would involve unemployment benefit being paid at a higher level when people are first out of work. The amount would be gradually reduced, depending on length of time out of work, and the effort made to find it.

RECOVERY: AN ACT OF WORK

D. D. Woolis, G. Cyphers and D. Roth

Policy and Practice of Public Human Services, vol. 58, June 2000, p. 33-40

Study examined how states in America are responding to substance abuse among welfare recipients involved in workfare programmes. States ability to address substance abuse within welfare reform was enhanced by collaboration among agencies, adequate resourcing, political support, customisation of programmes to meet local needs and organisational capacity to meet new challenges.

YOUTH EMPLOYMENT POLICIES IN FRANCE

D. Fougère, F. Kramarz, T. Magnac

European Economic Review, vol. 44, 2000, p. 928-942

Article presents a summary of recent micro econometric results on the evaluation of the effects of active labour market policies on youth employment. Discussion focuses on three types of policies:

  • youth employment schemes for unemployed and low-skilled young adults;
  • in-work training schemes;
  • pay-roll tax subsidies for minimum wage workers.

Training programmes for unemployed young works have in general no effects on post-training wages or employment prospects unless they have a large training content. In contrast, reductions in employment costs have significant positive effects on the employment prospects of low-wage workers, although the effects appear stronger for workers between 25 and 30.

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