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Welfare Reform on the Web (April 2011): Social care - overseas

For-profit and nonprofit dynamics and providers' failures : the long-term care insurance system in Japan

Y. Suda

Public Management Review, vol.13, 2011, p. 21-42

This article focuses on the organisational behaviour of long-term care service providers operating under the Long-Term Care Insurance (LTCI) system in Japan and examines their failure patterns in relation to pre-existing for-profit and nonprofit dynamics. The research followed LTCI providers for two years and demonstrated that the pre-existing for-profit and nonprofit dynamics do not influence the subsequent providers' failure patterns. One possible reason for this appeared to be that the highly regulated environment under the LTCI system mitigated selection pressure. The outcomes suggest that:

  1. efficiency-based competition can be controlled even in the privatised area of human services
  2. policy has a crucial role in controlling competition
  3. both for-profit and nonprofit providers are enabled to continue operating in such an environment.

Transnational social work practice

N. Negi and R. Furman (editors)

New York: Columbia University Press, 2010

A growing number of people (immigrants, refugees, asylum-seekers, displaced individuals, and families) lead lives that transcend national boundaries. Often because of economic pressures, these individuals continually move through places, countries, and cultures, becoming exposed to unique risk and protective factors. Though migration itself has existed for centuries, the availability of fast and cheap transportation as well as today's sophisticated technologies and electronic communications have allowed transmigrants to develop transnational identities and relationships, as well as engage in transnational activities. Yet despite this new reality, social work has yet to establish the parameters of a transnational social work practice. In one of the first volumes to address social work practice with this emergent and often marginalized population, practitioners and scholars specializing in transnational issues develop a framework for transnational social work practice. They begin with the historical and environmental context of transnational practice and explore the psychosocial, economic, environmental, and political factors that affect at-risk and vulnerable transnational groups. They then detail practical strategies, supplemented with case examples, for working with transnational populations utilizing this population's existing strengths. They conclude with recommendations for incorporating transnational social work into the curriculum.

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