Journal of Enterprising Communities, vol.5, 2011, p.212-222
In research and theoretical work, the differences between social and community entrepreneurship and conventional commercial entrepreneurship are sometimes emphasised. This article aims to show that conventional commercial enterprises as well as social enterprises are sometimes started with social intentions. The existence of social motives among conventional entrepreneurs is demonstrated through presentation of official statistics on the motives of all new starters in Sweden and case studies from different sectors. In the case studies, the people who started the business all expressed social motives for doing so.
D.J. Hendrickson and others
Journal of Urbanism, vol.4, 2011, p. 153-173
Sustainable community development employs a community capital framework that suggests that communities comprise six assets: natural, physical, economic, human, social and cultural. Strategies are adopted to mobilise citizens and their governments by augmenting one or more of these capital types. This paper introduces market mechanisms for sustainable community development, an interdependent planning and implementation framework encompassing strategic direction, strategies, actors and instruments for municipal policymaking. It examines how the economy influences the unsustainable development of municipalities and how a coherent toolkit of strategies, actors and policy levers can move communities towards complementary environmental, social and economic outcomes.
Local Economy, vol. 26, 2011, p. 337-347
China's urban regeneration programme arises from a range of internal and external factors. Domestically, residents are demanding improvements to their living conditions. Local governments use revenues from land leasing and real estate to fund economic and social policies. Internationally, the global financial crisis of 2008/09 required economic restructuring in parts of China, leading to change in urban industrial and residential landscapes. Private developers entered the field of urban regeneration in search of profit. In this context, demolition, relocation and regeneration have become the most discussed policies in China. This article presents a case study of the regeneration process developed by the Government of Guangdong. This government designed new policies such as simplifying the application process to sort out historical land ownership and use right issues, requiring more equitable and open public participation, and making funds available for the continuous improvement of redeveloped areas. Implementation of these policies demands more local government oversight to make sure that residents' property rights are respected and that they enjoy benefits from the regeneration process.