Click here to skip to content

Welfare Reform on the Web (January 2012): Services for the disabled - overseas

Alternative spaces of 'work' and inclusion for disabled people

E. Hall and R. Wilton

Disability and Society, vol. 26, 2011, p. 867-880

In recent decades Western governments have emphasised paid work as a key route to social inclusion for disabled people. However, they have focused mainly on improving the employability of disabled people and have spent less time figuring out how to make mainstream workplaces more accommodating. This paper looks at three alternative ways of creating more accommodating workplaces for disabled people:

  • Stronger advocacy for disabled workers by trade unions
  • Use of non-profit organisations operating outside the mainstream economy to create more job opportunities
  • Promotion of unpaid volunteering or creative work as routes to social inclusion and meaningful activity.

Barriers to the supply of non-government disability services in China

K.R. Fisher, J. Li and L. Fan

Journal of Social Policy, vol. 41, 2012, p. 161-182

The Chinese government is following international trends and promoting the development of non-government organisations (NGOs) in a mixed social welfare system. However, the limitations to increasing the supply of good quality support services by registered NGOs have not been examined in the Chinese context. This article uses Mattei's managerial and democratic accountability framework to examine empirical data about he relationship between the maturation of the NGO disability services sector in Beijing and barriers to improving the type, quantity and quality of their social services. Most NGOs have limited internal capacity to increase disability support because they do not have the management systems, resources or information to improve their operations. Equally, they are hampered by external limitations that affect their democratic accountability, including unclear and unenforced government regulations, limited government financial support, few opportunities to share information from government or other NGOs, and limited government investment in educating the public about disability. The impact of these barriers is to compromise the quality of disability support provided and accountability for the way support is managed.

Silence on the stomping grounds: a case study of public communication about disability in the 1990s

J. C. Lellis

Disability and Society, vol. 26, 2011, p. 809-823

The passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act was an attempt to implant the concept of civil rights for disabled people in the public mind. Higher education institutions in the US are often in the forefront of advocacy, equality and activism, but struggled to comply with the Americans with Disabilities legislation. This case study describes the manner in which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill publicly addressed the disability civil rights movement just before and after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990. A review of the University's archived correspondence, publications and news coverage showed that it missed an opportunity to contribute to the disability civil rights movement by communicating about disability issues openly on campus.

Search Welfare Reform on the Web