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Welfare Reform on the Web (February 2012): Child welfare - overseas

Child welfare's iron cage: managing performance in New Zealand's Child Welfare Agency

R. Dormer

International Journal of Public Administration, vol. 34, 2011, p. 905-917

This article draws on some recent research into performance measurement and management practices in a range of agencies in New Zealand's public service. It argues that perceived shortcomings in the performance measurement and management practices of public service agencies highlight a disconnect between the formal, official model (as established in legislation and central agency instructions and guidance material) and the model, or models, in use in individual agencies. Whereas the formal model emphasizes an instrumental rationality and the objective measurement of work and its results, the models used by public service managers frequently also embody a more substantive, values-based logic that relies on subjectively framed information. Of all the agencies studied, Child, Youth and Family Services provided the most notable example of how the two models coexist and the organisational tensions that arise as a result.

Children and global social policy: exploring the impact of international governmental organisations

N. Axford

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 21, 2012, p. 53-65

This article charts the impact of selected intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) on the formation and shape of social policy for children in selected countries, and seeks to explain the emerging pattern. It considers the relevance of international norms, laws and ideologies as embodied and propagated by IGOs for understanding national child welfare arrangements. More specifically, it tests the assumption that globalisation has a normative impact on children by decreasing the primacy of national economic, social and political institutions affecting the context in which they grow up.

Integrated children's services.

J. M. Davis

London: Sage, 2011

Working together with fellow professionals across different sectors of children's services is central to good practice for all those who work with children and young people. This book looks at how children's services can work together more effectively; by taking an approach that is grounded in research, the book engages critically with both the benefits and the pitfalls of integrated working. The importance of relationships, roles, responsibilities and strategic planning is discussed, and chapters cover:

  • what integrated working looks like in practice
  • how early years services work
  • ethnicity
  • Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS)
  • disability and integrated working

Maltreatment of infants and toddlers

S. Klein and B.J. Harden (editors)

Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 33, 2011, p. 1333-1468

The articles in this special issue are organised in three sections: 1) identification of risk and protective factors for early abuse and early child welfare system involvement; 2) developmental outcomes for infants and toddlers in the child welfare system; and 3) the effectiveness of a promising child maltreatment prevention or intervention programme for young children. Together, the papers make an important contribution to the knowledge base about young children at risk of abuse or neglect. Providing new insights about the epidemiology and consequences of early maltreatment and identifying promising avenues of intervention for this population, they offer practitioners and policymakers new information about the forces that are driving infants and toddlers into the US child welfare system in increasing numbers, as well as opportunities to reverse this trend.

A question of maturity: the participation, decision-making and rights of children in the context of HIV/AIDS

A. Binagwaho and others

Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, vol. 6, 2011, p. 293-300

This article examines international, regional and national sources of law governing the rights of children, with particular reference to sub-Saharan Africa and considers how a strict age of majority affects adolescents' access to healthcare. Using Rwanda as a case study, it demonstrates how a high age of majority, combined with mandatory parental consent, create barriers to adolescents' preventing HIV transmission, learning their status and receiving treatment for the disease. In order to increase adolescents' participation in health decision making, the Rwandan government could lower the age of majority from 21 to 18, or could facilitate individual assessments of a young person's decision making capacity, as the UK and the US have done.

Social work practice with children. 3rd ed.

N. B. Webb

London: Guildford, 2011

The book provides the knowledge that social workers need for effective, culturally competent practice with children, adolescents, and their caregivers. The author presents a framework for developmentally informed assessment and intervention and describes a variety of powerful helping methods, illustrated with case examples. This updated edition demonstrates research-based strategies for working with victims of abuse and trauma as well as children affected by poverty, divorce, parental substance abuse, and other adverse circumstances. Special features include instructive discussion questions and role-play exercises.

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

Y. Lee and K. Svevo-Cianci (guest editors)

Child Abuse and Neglect, vol. 35, 2011, p. 967- The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) provides the legislative framework for promoting and ensuring the rights of all children. CRC Article 19 offers a comprehensive conceptualisation of child protection, emphasising the importance of prevention of violence and maltreatment of children. The Committee on the Rights of the Child, an international body that monitors national compliance with the Convention, offers guidance and authoritative interpretation of its provisions. The Committee adopted General Comment 13, entitled The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence, in February 2011. The research presented in this special issue aims to facilitate the effective implementation of CRC Article 19 and GC13 worldwide.

Young people's transitions from care to adulthood

M. Stein, H. Ward and M. Courtney (editors)

Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 33, 2011, p. 2409-2539

There is general agreement, based on research evidence, that outcomes for children living in care are poor in comparison to those of other children, especially in relation to their education, health and well-being. The articles in this special issue explore the local, national and global processes involved in the transition from care to adulthood. The papers are organised under four broad themes: the global context of transitions; preparing and supporting young people from care to adulthood in different countries; education and mental health outcomes; and exploring the process of transition.

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