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Welfare Reform on the Web (May 2012): Child welfare - overseas

Children without parents in the TANF caseload: thinking beyond the child-only label

C. Saunders and others

Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 34, 2012, p. 1024-1034

Drastic post-reform reductions in welfare caseloads coupled with recent budget shortfalls at the state level have inspired growing interest in the composition of the group of families receiving cash assistance through the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) programme. This study looks at the characteristics of a set of non-traditional families where the child is being brought up by a relative and either both the child and the relative caregiver are receiving cash benefits under TANF or the child is a recipient but the relative caregiver is not. It then compares outcomes and programme utilisation among children and caregivers in relative caregiver TANF cases to those in parental TANF cases. Findings indicate that relative caregivers have service needs that differ from those of parents and that recipient relative caregivers are more disadvantaged than child-only cases.

Disseminating child maltreatment interventions: research on implementing evidence-based programs

D. Whitaker and others (guest editors)

Child Maltreatment, vol. 17, 2012, p. 5-112

Evidence-based practices (EBP) have the promise to reduce child maltreatment and improve the lives of families, but effective implementation entails many challenges. However, current research is advancing understanding of the critical contextual factors at the client, therapist, organisation, training and socio-political levels that can increase the likelihood of effective EBP implementation. The articles presented in this special issue are intended to promote further development of implementation science in the child maltreatment field. They cover implementation efforts pertaining to five evidence-based programmes relevant to child maltreatment, prevention and intervention, and address five of the six implementation stages identified by the US National Implementation Research Network (exploration/adoption, programme installation, initial implementation, full operation, and sustainability).

Doing it for the kids? The determinants of attitudes towards public childcare in unified Germany

A. Goerres and M. Tepe

Journal of Social Policy, vol.41, 2012, p. 349-372

In Germany, with institutions mainly in the conservative welfare state tradition, the family is traditionally constructed in the locus of childcare. However, since 2002 family policy has been re-orientated to encourage increased fertility and female labour market participation through, among other measures, the expansion of publicly provided childcare. This article analyses determinants of attitudes towards public childcare in East and West Germany. Estimation results from the 2002 German General Social Survey replicated in the 2008/09 European Social Survey can be condensed into three statements. Firstly, regime socialisation is the single most important determinant of attitudes towards public childcare followed by young age as an indicator of self-interest. Family involvement does not have any sizeable impact. Secondly, regime socialisation conditions the impact of some indicators of political ideology and family involvement on attitudes toward public childcare. Thirdly, despite a paradigmatic shift in policy, the dynamics of 2008 mirror those of 2002, highlighting the stability of inter-individual differences in support. The results suggest that the 'shadow of communism' still influences what people in the East expect from the welfare state and that individual difference in the demand for public childcare appears to be highly path dependent.

The future of intercountry adoption: a paradigm shift for this century

P. Fronek and D. Cuthbert

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 21, 2012, 215-224

International legal frameworks for the regulation of intercountry adoption do not focus on prevention of adoption, nor do they include socioecological perspectives in a holistic way. Rather they focus on enabling the safe practice of intercountry adoption as a legitimate mode of caring for individual children. This article proposes a paradigm shift in the conceptualisation of intercountry adoption that does not respond to the needs of families and communities to one that includes prevention.

Promoting evidence-informed practice in child welfare in Ontario: progress, challenges and future directions

W. Shera and K. Dill

Research on Social Work Practice, vol.22, 2012, p. 204-213

Practice and Research Together (PART) aims to promote the understanding and use of evidence-informed practice in the child welfare system in Ontario through the dissemination of research findings to practitioners. This article presents an overview of the evolution and implementation of the programme, and the results of an evaluation. It is noted that after three years, PART has had only a modest impact on changing practice behaviours. Frontline practitioners reported that they had little time or resources to use the programme materials; supervisors stated that they supported the concept of evidence-informed practice, but lacked the skills to move the ideas forward; and executive directors requested more evidence to promote organisational change.

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