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Welfare Reform on the Web (June 2012): Child welfare - overseas

Child welfare policy and practice on children's exposure to domestic violence

T.P. Cross and others

Child Abuse and Neglect, vol. 36, 2012, p. 210-216

Over the past 25 years, children's exposure to domestic violence has increasingly been considered as a form of maltreatment, and its association with impaired development and negative health outcomes has been well documented. There are emerging movements in several countries to improve policy and practice to protect children from exposure to domestic violence. These movements have resulted in the collection of new data on exposure to domestic violence and the design and implementation of new child welfare policies and practices. To assist with the development of child welfare practice, this article briefly summarises current knowledge on the prevalence of exposure to domestic violence, and on child welfare services policies and practices that may hold promise for reducing its frequency and impact on children, focusing on Australia, Canada and the United States. Empirical data are limited, but current research and practice experience suggest that child welfare agencies seeking to improve their response should collaborate with other disciplines involved with preventing and responding to domestic violence, seek resources to support training and programming, consider methods that avoid stigmatising parents, and build in a programme evaluation component to increase knowledge about effective practice.

Measuring child poverty: new league tables of child poverty in the world's rich countries

P. Adamson.

Unicef Innocenti Research Centre, 2012

This report sets out the latest internationally comparable data on child deprivation and relative child poverty. Taken together, these two different measures offer the best currently available picture of child poverty across the world's wealthiest nations. Previous reports in this series have shown that failure to protect children from poverty is one of the most costly mistakes a society can make. The heaviest cost of all is borne by the children themselves. But their nations must also pay a very significant price - in reduced skills and productivity, in lower levels of health and educational achievement, in increased likelihood of unemployment and welfare dependence, in the higher costs of judicial and social protection systems, and in the loss of social cohesion. The economic argument, in anything but the shortest term, is therefore heavily on the side of protecting children from poverty.

URL: http://www.unicef.org.uk/Documents/Publications/RC10-measuring-child-poverty.pdf

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