S. Lawrence and M. Alam
International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol.13, 2000, p.186-205
Reform of the disability support services in New Zealand has led to the burden and costs of care being transferred from the state to the family, with little support for carers.
J. Dixon and M. Hyde
Disability and Society, vol.15, 2000, p.709-730
By the mid-1990s, 163 countries had statutory general disability programmes. Most have adopted social insurance as their primary policy instrument, which restricts coverage to those in paid, formal employment, makes benefit eligibility dependent upon the satisfying of specific minimum contribution period requirements and provides earnings-related pensions. Many countries also provide supplementary and special need benefits. Programme funding comes mainly from employer and employee contributions, with a majority of countries providing government subsidies.