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Welfare Reform on the Web (November 2000): Welfare State - Overseas

GENDER AND SOCIAL POLICY: COMPARING WELFARE STATES IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE AND THE FORMER SOVET UNION

G. Pascall and N. Manning

Journal of European Social Policy, vol.10, 2000, p.240-266

Concludes that women across the former communist states are now increasingly dependent on family relationships as state support is eroded. The economic and political foundations of the Soviet gender regimes (supports to paid work, motherhood, and caring roles) are to varying degrees dismantled across the region, while the need for them continues unabated. Family based support networks are now pure economic necessity.

RETHINKING RETRENCHMENT: NORTH AMERICAN SOCIAL POLICY DURING THE EARLY CLINTON AND CHRÉTIEN YEARS

S. Bashevkin

Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol.23, 2000, p.7-36

Article addresses social policy decision-making during the initial mandates of US President Bill Clinton and Canada's Prime Minister Jean Chrétien with reference to three streams of comparative argumentation: power resources explanations that stress the role of partisan and trade union interests; retrenchment propositions that emphasise electoral, budgetary and institutional influences; and feminist critiques that underline patterns of inequality in welfare state development. Concludes that policies of welfare retrenchment have impacted more on programmes targeted at politically weak groups such as ethnic minorities, women and the poor. Under the guise of rewarding work, balancing budgets and devolving decision-making, Clinton and Chrétien effected major overhauls of welfare regimes that had historically supported low income single-mother-led families.

WELFARE STATE DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT IN THE NETHERLANDS IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

U. Becker

Journal of European Social Policy, vol.10, 2000, p.219-239

Briefly traces the development of the Dutch welfare state from a predominantly Christian-paternalist model through social democritization in the mid-1960s to a measure of liberalisation in the mid-1980s. However in spite of retrenchment the Dutch welfare state remains one of the most generous in the Western world. The cuts made in welfare provision so far have not succeeded in reducing levels of long-term unemployment. The Disability Scheme has in fact been used as a safety net to meet the needs of the long-term unemployed.

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