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Welfare Reform on the Web (March 2001): Care of the Elderly - Overseas

FROM POORHOUSE OVERSEER TO PRODUCTION MANAGER: ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF OLD AGE CARE IN SWEDEN REFLECTED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN OCCUPATION

G. B. Trydegård

Ageing and Society, vol. 20, 2000, p. 571-597

Article illustrates the changes in the Swedish system of old-age care during the 20th century by analysing the history of the role of the care manager. In the first two decades of the 20th century, managers controlled strictly disciplined poor relief institutions. The period 1920-1950 was dominated by a belief in institutional care of the elderly and the supervisors were matrons of care homes, geriatric nurses and managers of care staff. The decades 1950-1980 saw expansion of services and development of home care. In the 1990s, with a strained public economy, financial control became a central feature of the work of managers.