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Welfare Reform on the Web (May 2001): Education - Overseas

SOME HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPECIAL EDUCATION IN GHANA

M. Avoke

European Journal of Special Needs Education, vol. 16, 2001, p. 29

Paper traces the development of special education in Ghana, with a particular focus on the education of people with learning difficulties. Britain is recognized as having played a critical role in its early development. While trends are increasingly shifting towards inclusive practices, the institutionalisation of people with learning difficulties remains entrenched. In spite of government rhetoric about inclusive practices, prevailing traditional structures, in special education service delivery and administration prevent its practical implementation.

YOUTH EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING IN THE USA

A. O. Moore

Working Brief, no. 121, 2001, p. 18 20

Gives an overview of the employment and training programmes offered to disadvantaged young people in the United States. Key recent policy and programme developments in this field include: the 1998 passage of the Workforce Investment Act and its subsequent implementation; the advent in the same year of large-scale Welfare-to-Work grants; and the launch of the Youth Opportunity Movement in 1998 followed by the first set of Youth Opportunity Grants in 2000.